EGU21-12115, updated on 31 May 2022
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A new mining life for non-feasible mineral deposits?

Balazs Bodo1, Luis Lopes1, Claudio Rossi2, Giorgia Stasi3, Christian Burlet3, Stephen Henley4, Vitor Correia5, Tobias Pinkse6, Alicja Kot-Niewiadomska7, Jussi Aaltonen8, Nikolaus Sifferlinger9, Nelson Cristo10, Éva Hartai11, Gorazd Zibret12, Janos Horvath13, and Asko Ristolainen14
Balazs Bodo et al.
  • 1LPRC - La Palma Research Centre, Isla de La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain (
  • 2CAR UPM-CSIC, Madrid, Spain (
  • 3Geological Survey of Belgium - RBINS & University of Liége, Belgium (
  • 4Resources Computing International Ltd, Matlock, UK (
  • 5EFG - European Federation of Geologists, Brussels, Belgium (
  • 6K-UTEC AG Salt Technologies, Sondershausen, Germany (
  • 7Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute, Polish Academy of Science, Krakow, Poland (
  • 8Tampere University, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Tampere, Finland (jussi.aaltonen@TUNI.FI)
  • 9Department Mineral Resources Engineering, University of Leoben, Leoben, Austria (Nikolaus-August.Sifferlinger@UNILEOBEN.AC.AT)
  • 10Associação dos Recursos Minerais de Portugal, Lisboa, Portugal (
  • 11University of Miskolc, Faculty of Earth Science and Engineering, Miskolc, Hungary (
  • 12Geological Survey of Slovenia, Ljubljana, Slovenia (Gorazd.Zibret@GEO-ZS.SI)
  • 13Geo-Montan Kft, Budapest, Hungary (
  • 14Center for Biorobotics, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia (

ROBOMINERS is developing an innovative approach for the exploitation of currently non-feasible mineral deposits. The approach entails the use of a robot-miner - a bio-inspired reconfigurable robot with a modular nature - in a new mining setting where the activities are nearly invisible and where mining presents less socio-environmental constraints, thus contributing to a more safe and sustainable supply of mineral raw materials.

The main aim is to design and develop a robotic prototype that is able to perform mining related tasks in settings including both abandoned, currently flooded mines not accessible anymore for conventional mining techniques; or places that have formerly been explored, but whose exploitation was considered as uneconomic due to the small-size of deposits, or their difficulty to access.

ROBOMINERS’ innovative approach combines the creation of a new mining ecosystem with novel ideas from other sectors, particularly robotics. At this point, work has been done to understand the best methods for the robotminer’s development in 1) biological inspiration, 2) perception and localisation tools, 3) behaviour, navigation and control, 4) actuation methods, 5) modularity, 6)autonomy and resilience, and 7) the selective mining ability. All these aspects combined aim to provide the robotminer XXI Century tools for mineral exploration and exploitation of (currently) unfeasible deposits.

At the same time, for the vision of a new vision of a mining ecosystem, work is involving studies on 1) developing computer models and simulations, 2) data management and visualisation, 3) rock-mechanical and geotechnical characterisation studies, 4) analysing ground/rock support methods, bulk transportation methods, backfilling types and methods, and 5) sketching relevant upstream and downstream mining industry analogues for the ROBOMINERS concept.  

After design and development, based on the previously mentioned studies, the robot-miner is set to be tested at targeted areas representatives which include abandoned and/or operating mines, small but high-grade mineral deposits, unexplored/explored non-economic occurrences and ultra depth, not  easily accessible environments. Possible candidates for testing purposes include mines in the regions of Cornwall (UK), mines in the Kupferschiefer Formation (e.g. Poland) or coal mines in Belgium.

When compared to usual mining methods the ROBOMINERS approach shows: 1) no presence of people in the mine, 2) less mining waste produced, 3) less mining infrastructure, 4) less investment, 5) possibility to explore currently uneconomic resources and 6) new underground small-sized mines, practically “invisible”. Altogether, ROBOMINERS can contribute to solve some of the main issues that make mining’s social license to operate so difficult to get in Europe: land-use, environmental limitations, and socio-economic aspects.

How to cite: Bodo, B., Lopes, L., Rossi, C., Stasi, G., Burlet, C., Henley, S., Correia, V., Pinkse, T., Kot-Niewiadomska, A., Aaltonen, J., Sifferlinger, N., Cristo, N., Hartai, É., Zibret, G., Horvath, J., and Ristolainen, A.: A new mining life for non-feasible mineral deposits?, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-12115,, 2021.