EGU21-12365, updated on 04 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Sb, As and W contents of magmas: insights from geochemical databases

Valentin Mollé1, Giada Iacono-Marziano1, Eric Gloaguen1,2, Johann Tuduri1,2, Anthony Pochon1, and Héctor Campos1
Valentin Mollé et al.
  • 1ISTO, UMR7327, Université d’Orléans, CNRS, BRGM, F-45071 Orléans, France
  • 2BRGM, F-45060 Orléans, France

Magmatic heat sources allow hydrothermal fluids to transport and deposit various types of metals and metalloids. For instance, antimony (Sb) is frequently spatially associated with mafic intrusions, and may be associated with various amounts of other elements, such as Hg, As, W, Au and Ag. However, source-sink relationships in those settings remain poorly constrained. Whether mafic magmas contribute fluids, metals and metalloids to hydrothermal systems at the origin of Sb mineralisation remains uncertain. Spatial and chronological correlations between Sb ore deposits and mafic magmatism have been acknowledged in Variscan settings (i.e. the Armorican Massif and the Central Iberian Zone), but no causal processes have been established yet (Pochon et al., 2019).

We herein investigated the Sb, As and W contents of magmatic rocks available in the literature, to assess mafic magmas as a potential source for metals and metalloids. The GEOROC database covers most of the rock types occurring in a TAS diagram (n = 7215, whole rock), whereas the Jenner and O’Neill (2012) database focuses on MORBs (n = 601, glass).

Sb, As and W are highly covariant, suggesting a common behaviour during magmatic processes. Sb, As and W concentrations in oceanic magmatic rocks increase with increasing K2O content. This increase is up to two orders of magnitude in mafic compositions, and one order of magnitude through intermediate and differentiated compositions. Differentiated alkaline magmas therefore generally yield higher Sb, As and W concentrations. Variations in Sb, As and W with major and trace elements composition suggest a major role of mantle source processes, and a minor contribution from fractional crystallisation. In particular, Sb, As and W contents in mafic compositions show a good correlation with the La/Sm ratio, and an absence of correlation with the 87Sr/86Sr and the 143Nd/144Nd isotopic ratios, suggesting a crucial control of partial melting processes.

Continental magmatic rocks show a strong Sb, As and W variability, with values up to 3 orders of magnitude higher than oceanic rocks, suggesting the occurrence of crustal contamination. Post-magmatic alteration does not seem to have any effect on Sb, As and W concentrations.

We finally investigate mafic rocks spatially and temporally associated with Sb-Hg ± As-W-Au-Ag ore deposits, and discuss the possible processes at the origin of their enrichment.


GEOROC, 2020. Geochemical rock database. , accessed: 02/10/2020.

Jenner F. E., O’Neill H. St. C., 2012. Analysis of 60 elements in 616 ocean floor basaltic glasses: TECHNICAL BRIEF. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 13 (2), 11 p.

Pochon A., Branquet Y., Gloaguen E., Ruffet G., Poujol M., Boulvais P., Gumiaux C., Cagnard F., Baele J.-M., Kéré I., Gapais D., 2019. A Sb ± Au mineralizing peak at 360 Ma in the Variscan belt. BSGFEarth Sciences Bulletin 190 (4), 12 p.

How to cite: Mollé, V., Iacono-Marziano, G., Gloaguen, E., Tuduri, J., Pochon, A., and Campos, H.: Sb, As and W contents of magmas: insights from geochemical databases, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-12365,, 2021.

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