EGU21-12572, updated on 04 Mar 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-12572
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

CO2 spatial distribution over Mexican urban centers from satellite observations

Mixtli Campos-Pineda1, Noémie Taquet1, Wolfgang Stremme1, Alejandro Bezanilla1, Thomas Lauvaux2, Michel Ramonet2, and Michel Grutter1
Mixtli Campos-Pineda et al.
  • 1Centro de Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México
  • 2Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement/Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (LSCE/IPSL), Gif-sur-Yvettes, France.

The Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA), located in proximity to an active volcano, is the largest urban center in North America and there is great interest to better characterize carbon emissions of this and other major urban centers in the country. NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO-3) was installed in the International Space (ISS) in 2019. The inclusion of a Pointing Mirror Assembly (PMA) in this third iteration allows for a new mode of data collection that samples an area of ~80 x 80 km in approximately 2 minutes. This mode is used to collect map-like data, called Snapshot Area Maps (SAMs), over areas of interest (e.g. volcanos or urban areas). The OCO-3 module has collected SAMs over the MCMA (and the Popocatépetl volcano) throughout 2020, and also of the metropolitan areas of Guadalajara and Monterrey throughout the second half of 2020.

Using data from the public release of OCO-3 Level 2 (L2) “Lite EarlyR” product, available at the Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), we have built maps of the spatial distribution of xCO2 for these regions. Data is filtered according to the reported quality flag in the data product, compared with ground-based FTIR measurements of column xCO2 over the MCMA region and averaged with an oversampling method. Surface pressure data with the averaged xCO2 is used to calculate the concentrations within the mixed layer (xCO2ML) in order to compensate for the effects of the complex terrain.  This product is also used  for comparison with CO spatial distributions obtained from TROPOMI data products and a simple xCOML/xCO2ML ratio is obtained and mapped for the three urban centers. This work showcases the utility of SAMs in cooperation with ground-based measurements to produce detailed descriptions of the spatial distribution of CO2 for a wide variety of applications, as well as the importance of frequent soundings over important emission sources around the world.

How to cite: Campos-Pineda, M., Taquet, N., Stremme, W., Bezanilla, A., Lauvaux, T., Ramonet, M., and Grutter, M.: CO2 spatial distribution over Mexican urban centers from satellite observations, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-12572, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-12572, 2021.

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