EGU21-13404, updated on 06 Apr 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Monitoring the nations’ climate mitigation progress using multi-species observations from Japanese passenger aircrafts

Hiroshi Suto1, Akihiko Kuze1, Tomohiro Oda2,3,4, Fumie Kataoka5, Ayako Matsumoto6, Shigetaka Mori7, Kei Shiomi1, Seiya Kosaki1, Tetsuya Kaku5, Jun Yoshida8, Yoichi Nakamura8, and Yasuhiro Tsubakihara6
Hiroshi Suto et al.
  • 1Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Japan (
  • 2Universities Space Research Association, Columbia, MD, USA
  • 3Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, US
  • 4Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan
  • 5Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan, Japan
  • 7JASTECS, Japan
  • 8NEC, Japan

The greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from cities account for more than 70% of the global emissions. Over the past decades, GHG-dedicated space-based instruments, such as Japan’s Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) (2009-), GOSAT-2 (2018-), NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) (2014-), and OCO-3 (2019-), have collected the increased amount of the GHG data on the global scale, especially over urban areas. Such data have provided new opportunities to explore ways to study urban emissions, and they will also play a key role in monitoring the progress of subnational climate mitigation efforts towards the Paris Climate Agreement goal.

Here we present the first high-resolution multi-species (CO2 and NO2) observations from Japanese passenger aircrafts, which should further enhance our ability to quantify GHG emissions in combination with data collected from existing ground-based stations and satellites. Our multi-species observations should also provide direct technical and scientific implications to the planned future space missions, such as Japan’s Global Observing SATellite for Greenhouse gases and Water cycle (GOSAT-GW) and ESA’s CO2 Monitoring Mission (CO2M), which also plan to measure CO2 and NO2 with a special focus on monitoring GHG emissions.

We designed and developed a carry-on luggage sized imaging spectrometer to collect high-resolution (a few handed m to a few thousand m) CO2 and NO2 concentration data during domestic passenger flights. We conducted our first observation during the flight between Tokyo and Fukuoka in October 2020. The two-hour flight allowed us to collect sounding data ranging from 130°E to 140°E in longitude and 33.5°N to 36°N in latitude. The data were being collected every 0.5 sec in nominal and were created up to 5M soundings during the single flight. The obtained data depicted spatial patterns of CO2and NO2 concentrations over the cities and industrial areas, with some notable differences from ones seen from existing satellite observations. We compared our data to other data, such as emission inventories, and satellite observations of CO2, NO2, and nighttime lights, in order to further characterize the observed spatial gradient and patterns.

In our presentation, we will also discuss the unique utility of our new aircraft observation and its potential contribution to GHG emission monitoring and the upcoming Global Stocktakes (GST) with an expanded observation coverage and frequency.

How to cite: Suto, H., Kuze, A., Oda, T., Kataoka, F., Matsumoto, A., Mori, S., Shiomi, K., Kosaki, S., Kaku, T., Yoshida, J., Nakamura, Y., and Tsubakihara, Y.: Monitoring the nations’ climate mitigation progress using multi-species observations from Japanese passenger aircrafts, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-13404,, 2021.