EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Realizing ITRF-Consistent Continental-Scale Geodetic Reference Frames

Demian Gomez1,2, Michael Bevis2, and Dana Caccamise3
Demian Gomez et al.
  • 1Dirección de Geodesia, Instituto Geográfico Nacional, Argentina
  • 2Division of Geodetic Science, School of Earth Sciences, Ohio State University, USA
  • 3National Geodetic Survey, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA

To achieve a regional or continental-scale reference frame that is a densification of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF), one can use a set of fiducial GPS / GNSS stations in the ITRF and regional frames.  Predicting coordinates in the realization epoch using the fiducial stations’ trajectory parameters in the ITRF and applying a Helmert transformation aligns the regional solution’s polyhedron onto the ITRF.  This paper shows inconsistencies in the regional realization of ITRF when the fiducial stations’ trajectory model ignores the periodic terms, resulting in a periodic coordinate bias in the regional frame.  We describe a generalized procedure to minimize this inconsistency when realizing any regional frame aligned to ITRF or any other ‘primary’ frame. We show the method used to realize the Argentine Geodetic Positions (Posiciones Geodésicas Argentinas, POSGAR) reference frame and discuss its results. Inconsistencies in the vertical were reduced from 4 mm to less than 1 mm for multiple stations after applying our technique.  We also propose adopting object-oriented programming terminology to describe the relationship between different reference frames, such as a regional and a global frame. This terminology assists in describing and understanding the hierarchy in geodetic reference frames.

How to cite: Gomez, D., Bevis, M., and Caccamise, D.: Realizing ITRF-Consistent Continental-Scale Geodetic Reference Frames, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-13607,, 2021.


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