EGU21-13635, updated on 04 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Landslide detection by machine learning on high-resolution DEMs

Mihai Niculita
Mihai Niculita
  • Al. I. Cuza University of Iasi, Geography and Geology, Geography, Iasi, Romania (

Machine learning algorithms are increasingly used in geosciences for the detection of susceptibility modeling of certain landforms or processes. The increased availability of high-resolution data and the increase of available machine learning algorithms opens up the possibility of creating datasets for the training of models for automatic detection of specific landforms. In this study, we tested the usage of LiDAR DEMs for creating a dataset of labeled images representing shallow single event landslides in order to use them for the detection of other events. The R stat implementation of the keras high-level neural networks API was used to build and test the proposed approach. A 5m LiDAR DEM was cut in 25 by 25 pixels tiles, and the tiles that overlayed shallow single event landslides were labeled accordingly, while the tiles that did not contain landslides were randomly selected to be labeled as non-landslides. The binary classification approach was tested with 255 grey levels elevation images and 255 grey levels shading images, the shading approach giving better results. The presented study case shows the possibility of using machine learning in the landslide detection on high-resolution DEMs.

How to cite: Niculita, M.: Landslide detection by machine learning on high-resolution DEMs, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-13635,, 2021.