EGU21-14184
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-14184
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Seasonal variability of the net water-mass transport among the four major basins 

David Garcia-Garcia1, Isabel Vigo1, Mario Trottini2, and Juan Vargas1
David Garcia-Garcia et al.
  • 1Applied Mathematics Department, University of Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig, Spain (d.garcia@ua.es)
  • 2Mathematics Department, University of Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig, Spain (mario.trottini@ua.es)

Global water cycle involves water-mass transport on land, atmosphere, ocean, and among them. Quantification of such transport, and especially its time evolution, is essential to identify footprints of the climate change and helps to constrain and improve climatic models. In the ocean, net water-mass transport among the ocean basins is a key, but poorly estimated parameter presently. We propose a new methodology that incorporates the time-variable gravity observations from the GRACE satellite (2003-2016) to estimate the change of water content, and that overcomes some fundamental limitations of existing approaches. We show that the Pacific and Arctic Oceans receive an average of 1916 (95% confidence interval [1812, 2021]) Gt/month (~0.72 ± 0.02 Sv) of excess freshwater from the atmosphere and the continents that gets discharged into the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, where net evaporation minus precipitation returns the water to complete the cycle. This salty water-mass transport from the Pacific and Arctic Oceans to the Atlantic and Indian Oceans show a clear seasonal variability, with a maximum transport of 3000 Gt/month during boreal summer, a minimum of 1000 Gt/month or less on February, Mars, and November.

This research has been primarily supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación and Universidades research project DEEP-MAPS (RTI2018-093874-B-I00).

How to cite: Garcia-Garcia, D., Vigo, I., Trottini, M., and Vargas, J.: Seasonal variability of the net water-mass transport among the four major basins , EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-14184, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-14184, 2021.

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