EGU21-14649
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-14649
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Coordinated observation system for extreme weathers consisting of AWS network with lightning sensor and micro-satellites

Yukihiro Takahashi1, Mitsuteru Sato1, Hisayuki Kubota1, Tetsuro Ishida1, Ellison Castro2, Meryl Algodon1, Gay Perez2, and Joel Marciano3
Yukihiro Takahashi et al.
  • 1Hokkaido University, Graduate School of Science, Department of Cosmosciences, Sapporo, Japan (spriteselves@gmail.com)
  • 2University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines
  • 3Philippine Space Agency

In order to predict the intensity and location of extreme weathers, such as torrential rainfall by individual thunderstorm or typhoon, we are developing the new methodology of weather monitoring using a ground AWS network with lightning sensors and micro-satellites weighting about 50kg, which will realize quasi-real-time thunderstorm monitoring with broad coverage. Based on the AWS network data, we plan to operate micro-satellites in nearly real-time, manipulating the attitude of satellite for capturing the most dangerous or important cloud images for 3D reconstruction. We have developed and launched several micro-satellites and been improving the target pointing operation for this decade. We succeeded in obtaining the images of the typhoon center at a resolution of 60-100 m for Typhoon Trami in 2018 and Typhoon Maysak in 2020. Using 4 or a few 10s images captured from different angles by one micro-satellite when it passed over the typhoon area, 3D models of typhoon eye were reconstructed, which have a ground resolution of ~100 m. Due to the unusual temperature profile around typhoon eye, it’s very difficult to estimate the heigh distribution of cloud top only with a thermal infrared image at a resolution of 2 km taken by geostationary meteorological satellite. This is one of the biggest limitations in estimating the precise intensity of typhoons, namely, the center pressure or the maximum wind velocity. The on-demand flexible operation of micro-satellite will achieve the high accuracy estimation of typhoon intensity as well as the speed estimation of individual thunderstorm development, which can be applied to disaster management. This research was conducted by a mixed team of Japan and the Philippines, supported by Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development (SATREPS), which is funded by Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) / Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

How to cite: Takahashi, Y., Sato, M., Kubota, H., Ishida, T., Castro, E., Algodon, M., Perez, G., and Marciano, J.: Coordinated observation system for extreme weathers consisting of AWS network with lightning sensor and micro-satellites, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-14649, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-14649, 2021.

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