EGU21-14759, updated on 04 Mar 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-14759
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

First results of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) analyses from loess-palaeosol sections along the Rhône Valley, France.

Annette Kadereit1, Nora Pfaffner2, Sebastian Kreutzer3,4, Tianhao Wang2,5, Sophie Cornu6, Lars Zipf7, Olivier Moine8, Mathieu Bosq9, Pascal Bertran10, and Daniela Sauer2
Annette Kadereit et al.
  • 1Heidelberg Luminescence Laboratory, Institute of Geography, University of Heidelberg, Germany
  • 2Institute of Geography, University of Göttingen, Germany
  • 3Geography & Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Wales, United Kingdom
  • 4IRAMAT-CRP2A, UMR 5060 CNRS - Université Bordeaux Montaigne, Pessac, France
  • 5College of Land and Environment, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China
  • 6Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, Collège de France, IRD, INRA, CEREGE, France
  • 7Université Libre de Bruxelles, Laboratoire de Glaciologie (GLACIOL), Belgium
  • 8LGP, UMR 8591 CNRS, Université Paris I Panthéeon-Sorbonne/Université Paris-Est-Créteil-Val-de-Marne (UPEC), Meudon, France
  • 9PACEA, UMR 5199 CNRS - Université Bordeaux, Pessac, France
  • 10Institut National de Recherches Archéologiques Préventives (Inrap), Bègles, France

Loess-palaeosol sequences are most important archives for reconstructing terrestrial palaeoenvironments. However, in the European Mediterranean, these archives are surprisingly scarcely investigated. In southern France, respective sediment-soil archives were last investigated in more detail in the middle of the last century, when major construction works in the region provided access to numerous loess exposures. However, this was before the breakthrough of luminescence-dating as a major chronometric method for the Later Pleistocene. Thus, the loess was poorly dated. Later, Mediterranean loess archives attracted fewer researchers than their central-European counterparts. Reasons for this may be that, compared to the loess belt of temperate Europe, Mediterranean loess deposits are often reworked and mixed with slope deposits. Moreover, palaeosols that developed during climate ameliorations of the last glacial period seem to reflect less pronounced temperature and humidity shifts than those in temperate regions. The most prominent palaeosol developed within the last-glacial loess in the Rhône Valley is a brown palaeosol with large carbonate concretions at its base. However, it is usually severely truncated.

We allocated joint research efforts from groups in Germany and France to track last-glacial sedimentation and climate shifts in loess-palaeosol sections along the Rhône Valley, south of the confluence of the River Saone at Lyon. Thereby, optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating serves as a vital tool for establishing chronometries for the loess-palaeosol sections in southern France, with first results from the Rhône Valley in Bosq et al. (2018, 2020). We summarize results from two sites that are regarded as key sections for palaeoenvironmental reconstruction along the Rhône Valley as evaluated from inspections during fieldwork, complemented by several smaller sections. Our presentation focusses on challenges met with OSL dating attempts of these Mediterranean archives and first achievements in backing the stratigraphies established by sediment-soil analyses in the field and laboratory by chronometric data.

References

Bosq, M., Bertran, P., Degeai, J.-P., Kreutzer, S., Queffelec, A., Moine, O., Morin, E., 2018. Last Glacial aeolian landforms and deposits in the Rhône Valley (SE France): Spatial distribution and grain-size characterization. Geomorphology 318, 1–20. doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2018.06.010

Bosq, M., Kreutzer, S., Bertran, P., Degeai, J.-P., Dugas, P., Kadereit, A., Lanos, P., Moine, O., Pfaffner, N., Queffelec, A., Sauer, D., 2020. Chronostratigraphy of two Late Pleistocene loess-palaeosol sequences in the Rhône Valley (southeast France). Quaternary Science Reviews 245, 106473. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106473

How to cite: Kadereit, A., Pfaffner, N., Kreutzer, S., Wang, T., Cornu, S., Zipf, L., Moine, O., Bosq, M., Bertran, P., and Sauer, D.: First results of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) analyses from loess-palaeosol sections along the Rhône Valley, France., EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-14759, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-14759, 2021.

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