EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Influence of Nordic Seas dynamics on the Atlantic Water propagation and its impacts on sea ice concentration.

Sourav Chatterjee1, Roshin P Raj2,3, Laurent Bertino2,3, and Nuncio Murukesh1
Sourav Chatterjee et al.
  • 1National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research, Vasco-da-Gama, India (
  • 2Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Bergen, Norway
  • 3Bjerknes Center for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway

Enhanced intrusion of warm and saline Atlantic Water (AW) to the Arctic Ocean (AO) in recent years has drawn wide interest of the scientific community owing to its potential role in ‘Arctic Amplification’. Not only the AW has warmed over the last few decades , but its transfer efficiency have also undergone significant modifications due to changes in atmosphere and ocean dynamics at regional to large scales. The Nordic Seas (NS), in this regard, play a vital role as the major exchange of polar and sub-polar waters takes place in this region. Further, the AW and its significant modification on its way to AO via the Nordic Seas has large scale implications on e.g., deep water formation, air-sea heat fluxes. Previous studies have suggested that a change in the sub-polar gyre dynamics in the North Atlantic controls the AW anomalies that enter the NS and eventually end up in the AO. However, the role of NS dynamics in resulting in the modifications of these AW anomalies are not well studied. Here in this study, we show that the Nordic Seas are not only a passive conduit of AW anomalies but the ocean circulations in the Nordic Seas, particularly the Greenland Sea Gyre (GSG) circulation can significantly change the AW characteristics between the entry and exit point of AW in the NS. Further, it is shown that the change in GSG circulation can modify the AW heat distribution in the Nordic Seas and can potentially influence the sea ice concentration therein. Projected enhanced atmospheric forcing in the NS in a warming Arctic scenario and the warming trend of the AW can amplify the role of NS circulation in AW propagation and its impact on sea ice, freshwater budget and deep water formation.

How to cite: Chatterjee, S., Raj, R. P., Bertino, L., and Murukesh, N.: Influence of Nordic Seas dynamics on the Atlantic Water propagation and its impacts on sea ice concentration., EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-14798,, 2021.


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