EGU21-15395
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-15395
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Tropical rainforests under severe drought stress: distinct water use strategies among and within species

Angelika Kübert1, Kathrin Kühnhammer2, Ines Bamberger1,3, Erik Daber1, Jason De Leeuw4, Kinzie Bailey4, Jia Hu4, S. Nemiah Ladd1, Laura Meredith4, Joost van Haren4, Matthias Beyer2, Maren Dubbert1, and Christiane Werner1
Angelika Kübert et al.
  • 1Ecosystem Physiology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany (angelika.kuebert@cep.uni-freiburg.de)
  • 2Institute for Geoecology, Technical University of Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany
  • 3Atmospheric Chemistry, Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
  • 4School of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of Arizona, Tucson, United States of America

Increasing drought in the tropics is a major threat to rainforests and can strongly harm plant communities. Understanding species-specific water use strategies to drought and the subsequent recovery is therefore important for estimating the risk to tropical rainforest ecosystems of drought. Conducting a large-scale long-term drought experiment in a model rainforest ecosystem (Biosphere 2 WALD project), we evaluated the role of plant physiological responses, above and below ground, in response to drought and subsequent recovery in five species (3 canopy species, 2 understory species). The model rainforest was exposed to a 9.5-week lasting drought. Severe drought was ended with a deep water pulse strongly enriched in 2H, which allowed us to distinguish between deep and shallow rooting plants, and subsequent rain (natural abundance range of 2H). We assessed plant physiological responses by leaf water potential, sap flow and high resolution monitoring of leaf gas exchange (concentrations and stable isotopes of H2O and CO2). Thereby, we could derive plant water uptake and leaf water use efficiency (WUEleaf) in high temporal resolution, revealing short-term and long-term responses of plant individuals to drought and rewetting. The observed water use strategies of species and plants differed widely. No uniform response in assimilation (A) and transpiration (T) to drought was found for species, resulting in decreasing, relatively constant, or increasing WUEleaf across plant individuals. While WUEleaf of some plant individuals strongly decreased due to a breakdown in A, others maintained relatively high T and A and thus constant WUEleaf, or increased WUEleaf by decreasing T while keeping A relatively high. We expect that the observed plant-specific responses in A, T and WUEleaf were strongly related to the plant individuals' access to soil water. We assume that plant individuals with constant WUEleaf could maintain their leaf gas exchange due to access to water of deeper soil layers, while plants with increasing/decreasing WUEleaf mainly depended on shallow soil water and only had limited or no access to deep soil water. We conclude that the observed physiological responses to drought were not only determined by species-specific water use strategies but also by the diverse strategies within species, mainly depending on the plant individuals' size and place of location. Our results highlight the plasticity of water use strategies beyond species-specific strategies and emphasize its importance for species’ survival in face of climate change and increasing drought.

How to cite: Kübert, A., Kühnhammer, K., Bamberger, I., Daber, E., De Leeuw, J., Bailey, K., Hu, J., Ladd, S. N., Meredith, L., van Haren, J., Beyer, M., Dubbert, M., and Werner, C.: Tropical rainforests under severe drought stress: distinct water use strategies among and within species, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-15395, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-15395, 2021.

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