EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The use of a 3rd U/S or D/S sensor in Salt Dilution Flow Measurements

Gabe Sentlinger
Gabe Sentlinger
  • Fathom Scientific Ltd., R&D, Bowen Island, Canada (

Salt Dilution flow measurement is relatively accurate and easy way to measure flow in turbulent waterways.  However, it’s accuracy and precision are governed by the Signal to Noise (SNR) Ratio, which can be very low in urban, sub-urban, and rural waterways due to a highly variable BackGround specific Electrical Conductivity (BG ECT) signal.  Conventionally, more salt is added to the waterway to overcome the noise in the BG ECT.  The “noise” is a combination of random noise, which is amplified by the typically high BGECT (>500 uS/cm), but also lower frequency noise that changes on the same time scale as the salt breakthrough curve.  To compensate for the changing BG ECT, we have employed a 3rd UpStream (U/S) probe to track the BG ECT, along with algorithms to transform the signal in 3 domains: magnitude (ECT offset), time (transit time of pulse), and frequency (to compensate for storage in the waterway).  Additionally, we have tested the use of a 3rd DownStream (D/S) probe to measure cross-channel variance when mixing is not complete in order to achieve a reasonable flow estimate.  Results are compared and discussed.

How to cite: Sentlinger, G.: The use of a 3rd U/S or D/S sensor in Salt Dilution Flow Measurements, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-1558,, 2021.

Corresponding presentation materials formerly uploaded have been withdrawn.