EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The major (Mw=7.0) earthquake of 30th October 2020 north Samos Island, Greece: Analysis of seismological and geodetic data 

Alexandra Moshou1, Antonios Konstantaras2, and Panagiotis Argyrakis3
Alexandra Moshou et al.
  • 1National Observatory of Athens, Institute of Geodynamics, ATHENS, Greece (
  • 2Hellenic Mediterranean University, Electronic Engineering, Chania, Greece (
  • 3National Observatory of Athens, Institute of Geodynamics, ATHENS, Greece (

On 30th October 2020, at 11.51 (UTC), a very strong earthquake of magnitude Mw = 7.0 struck north of the Greek island of Samos in the Aegean coast of Turkey, south of Izmir. The epicentre was determined 17km north of Samos, in the Gulf of Ephesus and was felt in many parts of Greece and western Turkey. The geographical coordinates as calculated of the manual analysis of the National Observatory of Athens ( was determined as  φ= 37.9001⁰N, λ=26.8167⁰E at a focal depth at 11.8km. The earthquake triggered a tsunami that flooded the coastal district of Seferihisar (Turkey), Cesme, Izmir and the port of Samos (Greece). In the next 8 minutes after the detection of the earthquake, tsunami bulletins were issued to national focal points by the Tsunami Service Providers accredited by UNESCO’s IOC Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Tsunami Early Warning and Mitigation System in the North-eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and connected seas (ICG/NEAMTWS). Greece and Turkey were put on Tsunami Watch (highest level of alert). In Seferishar the tsunami swept away many boats in the marina and the water level reached 1.5 meters causing damage to shops.

Three hours later, 15:14 (UTC) a second strong event (Mw = 5.3) occurred in the same region some kilometres south of the main earthquake (φ=37.8223⁰N,λ=26.8652⁰E, By the end of the same day that the earthquake took place, there were 65 aftershocks while a total of 576 aftershocks up to 31/12 with magnitude greater than 1.0. For the aftershocks with 3.7<ML<7.0 we applied the moment tensor inversion to determine the focal mechanism, the Seismic Moment (M0) and the Moment Magnitude (Mw). For this purpose, 3–component broadband seismological data from the Hellenic Unified Seismological Network (HUSN) at epicentral distances less than 3˚ were selected and analysed. The preparation of the data, includes the deconvolution of instrument response, following the velocity was integrated to displacement and finally the horizontal components rotated to radial and transverse. Finally, an extensive kinematic analysis from data provided by two private sector companies networks was done.


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How to cite: Moshou, A., Konstantaras, A., and Argyrakis, P.: The major (Mw=7.0) earthquake of 30th October 2020 north Samos Island, Greece: Analysis of seismological and geodetic data , EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-1581,, 2021.

This abstract will not be presented.