EGU21-1589, updated on 03 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Digital Transformation of Critical Water Infrastructure

Fotios Konstantinidis1, Panagiotis Michalis2,3, and Manousos Valyrakis4
Fotios Konstantinidis et al.
  • 1Department of Production and Management Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, Xanthi, Greece (
  • 2School of Civil Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece (
  • 3INNOVATEQUE, Athens, Greece (
  • 4School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom (

The ongoing fourth industrial revolution has accelerated the transformation of management and maintenance of assets into the digital era. This involves the application and interoperability of management systems in an upper system like the one described as Civil Infrastructure 4.0 [1]. CI4.0 involves the collection and process of data from the surrounding infrastructure over a wide range of assets and systems, incorporating a multi-integrated decision support system for efficient asset management. This is particular important for ageing water infrastructure as it is threatened by the occurrence of flood-related hazards, which have significant degradation impact and consequences to transport systems, e.g. bridges, embankments, waterways etc.

Despite the recent advances in the development and application of immersive technologies, transport and water infrastructure are still considered to be managed in a traditional way. This process involves on-site engineers making decisions based on their skills and experience, while in the majority of the times using paper-based analytics.

This study presents the development of intelligent tools to efficiently advance decision making about the maintenance procedure of water infrastructure, aiming to reduce costs and assessment times. One of the technological pillars, which can upgrade the traditional procedures is Augmented Reality (AR) technology, which is already used in other industries like Manufacturing and Automotive [2]. AR creates a combined environment in which the views of real and virtual worlds co-exist. AR technology provides valuable key information to inspectors, through AR glasses or mobile devices, pointing out areas of interest. Such an AR solution can register the coordination of location of the defects, analysing the possible maintenance solutions, and communicating effectively between in-house operators and inspectors on-site.

[1] Michalis, P., Konstantinidis, F. and Valyrakis, M. (2019). The road towards Civil Infrastructure 4.0 for proactive asset management of critical infrastructure systems. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Natural Hazards & Infrastructure (ICONHIC), 23–26 June Chania, Greece, pp. 1-9.

[2] Konstantinidis, F.K., Kansizoglou, I., Santavas, N., Mouroutsos, S.G. and Gasteratos, A., 2020. MARMA: A Mobile Augmented Reality Maintenance Assistant for Fast-Track Repair Procedures in the Context of Industry 4.0. Machines, 8(4), p.88.

How to cite: Konstantinidis, F., Michalis, P., and Valyrakis, M.: Digital Transformation of Critical Water Infrastructure, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-1589,, 2021.

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