EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Geochemistry of Chromium-Silicate Minerals

Jacqueline Dall1, Christopher Oze1, Aaron Celestian2, and George Rossman3
Jacqueline Dall et al.
  • 1Geology Department, Occidental College, Los Angeles, United States of America
  • 2Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, United States of America
  • 3Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, United States of America

Water-rock interactions at elevated pressures and temperatures may mobilize chromium from chromite to produce a variety of Cr-silicate minerals. Common Cr-silicates include fuchsite (KCr2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2), kämmererite ((Mg5Cr)(AlSi3)O10(OH)8), tawmawite (Ca2CrAl2Si3O12(OH)), and uvarovite (Ca3Cr2Si3O12). Here we assess the geochemistry and calculate the thermodynamic properties of a variety of Cr-silicates to elucidate their formation as well as how they may contribute chromium to the environment. Chromium-silicates follow an idealized 1:1 relationship with regards to Cr(III) and octahedral Al, except for kämmererite. Kämmererite can have Al in excess of 1:1 to Cr(III), substituting into the Mg site. FTIR and Raman analyses demonstrate that Cr(III) enrichment is distinguishable between respective end member minerals. Thermodynamic properties were calculated using established estimation algorithms and unit-cell measurements.  Overall, we provide an extensive assessment of Cr-silicates that addresses the formation of Cr-silicates and fate of chromium in the environment.

How to cite: Dall, J., Oze, C., Celestian, A., and Rossman, G.: Geochemistry of Chromium-Silicate Minerals, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-1595,, 2021.