EGU21-16128, updated on 04 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Effect of pore pressure on the permeability evolution in low porous Indian sandstone

Kamal Nanda1, Santanu Misra2, and Arghya Das1
Kamal Nanda et al.
  • 1Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Department of Civil Engineering, Kanpur, India (
  • 2Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Department of Earth Sciences

Permeability evolution of low permeable rocks is of critical importance during the flow of gases in processes like, enhanced reservoir recovery and CO2 sequestration. Permeability measurement depends on the geometric structure of flow path (hydraulic radius, connectivity, tortuosity), the stress regimes surrounding the rock (isotropic, deviatoric) and the characteristic of the fluid (viscosity, compressibility, pore pressure).  For the case of gas permeability within Knudsen diffusion regime (0.001 < Kn< 0.1), the effect of slippage is prominently observed.

Laboratory scale permeability experiments on an Indian sandstone having connected porosity ~10%, are performed under hydrostatic condition. Nitrogen gas is selected as pore fluid, to avoid adsorption phenomenon. Transient technique of pore-pressure-pulse decay is used for permeability measurement as it is faster and accurate to measure pressure, than the steady state method. Pore pressures and confining pressures are varied in the study to understand the relative effect of matrix compressibility and fluid compressibility on the permeability. Micro-CT analysis of sample is also performed to quantify the geometric attributes of sample.

Apparent gas permeability ranging from 0.1 to 1 micro-Darcy is obtained from the experiments. The permeability is found to be decreasing with simple effective stress (σii-p) for constant pore pressures. But a counter intuitive decrease in permeability with increasing pore-pressure at constant confining pressure is also evident and can be attributed to stress dependent Biot’s coefficient (λ).  Slippage corrected permeability is further analysed theoretically and numerically to formulate nonlinear permeability evolution equation in the functional form, f(σii-λp)  to support experimental outcomes.

How to cite: Nanda, K., Misra, S., and Das, A.: Effect of pore pressure on the permeability evolution in low porous Indian sandstone, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-16128,, 2021.