EGU21-16335
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-16335
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Climate change in the vineyard: perspectives for pest species in the region of Neuchatel

Léonard Schneider1,2, Valentin Comte1,2, Baptiste Sneiders3, and Martine Rebetez1,2
Léonard Schneider et al.
  • 1Institute of Geography, University of Neuchatel, Espace Tilo-Frey 1, 2000 Neuchatel
  • 2Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Zürcherstrasse 111, 8903 Birmensdorf
  • 3CABI, Rue des Grillons 1, 2800 Delémont

Global warming increases the need for local climatic studies in wine-producing areas. Winegrowers have to develop strategies to adapt their activities to new climatic conditions and to their various effects on vine culture. Among them, distribution and population dynamics of pest species are likely to change. New species could reach the temperate regions, and some native species could create more damages than previously in the vineyards. In Western Europe, the distribution of the American grapevine leafhopper Scaphoideus titanus has been observed to shift northwards during the last decades (Boudon and Maixner 2007). Plurivoltin species such as the European grapevine moth Lobesia botrana could produce more generations per year (Gutierrez et al. 2018), creating potentially more damages on grapes. To help winegrowers, it is crucial to lead research at local scale, taking into account microclimatic specificities of the vineyards (Mozell and Thach 2014).

 

In this study, we examine temperature trends during the growing season in the region of Neuchatel and their potential impacts on major vine pest species. We focus on the American grapevine leafhopper and on the European grapevine moth. The American grapevine leafhopper is already established in the Lake Geneva area and could soon reach the Neuchatel area, while the European grapevine moth is already present in the Neuchatel vineyard. We use temperature data over the last 40 years (1980-2019) and two climatic scenarios to assess present suitability for pest development and the perspectives for the next decades.

 

 

REFERENCES

Boudon, E. & M. Maixner. 2007. Potential effects of climate change on distribution and activity of insect vectors of grapevine pathogens. In International and multi-disciplinary" Global warming, which potential impacts on the vineyards?".

Gutierrez, A. P., L. Ponti, G. Gilioli & J. Baumgärtner (2018) Climate warming effects on grape and grapevine moth (Lobesia botrana) in the Palearctic region. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 20, 255-271.

Mozell, M. R. & L. Thach (2014) The impact of climate change on the global wine industry: Challenges & solutions. Wine Economics and Policy, 3, 81-89.

 

How to cite: Schneider, L., Comte, V., Sneiders, B., and Rebetez, M.: Climate change in the vineyard: perspectives for pest species in the region of Neuchatel, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-16335, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-16335, 2021.

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