EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Thermodynamic-informed machine learning for pressure-sensitive plasticity model

WaiChing Sun and Nikolas Vlassis
WaiChing Sun and Nikolas Vlassis
  • Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Columbia University, NY10027, USA

This talk will present a machine learning framework that builds interpretable macroscopic surrogate elasto-plasticity models inferred from sub-scale direction numerical simulations (DNS) or experiments with limited data. To circumvent the lack of interpretability of the classical black-box neural network, we introduce a higher-order supervised machine learning technique that generates components of elasto-plastic models such as elasticity functional, yield function, hardening mechanisms, and plastic flow. The geometrical interpretation in the principal stress space allows us to use convexity and smoothness to ensure thermodynamic consistency. The speed function from the Hamilton-Jacobi equation is deduced from the DNS data to formulate hardening and non-associative plastic flow rules governed by the evolution of the low-dimensional descriptors. By incorporating a non-cooperative game that determines the necessary data to calibrate material models, the machine learning generated model is continuously tested, calibrated, and improved as new data guided by the adversarial agents are generated. A graph convolutional neural network is used to deduce low-dimensional descriptors that encodes the evolutional of particle topology under path-dependent deformation and are used to replace internal variables. The resultant constitutive laws can be used in a finite element solver or incorporated as a loss function for the physical-informed neural network run physical simulations.

How to cite: Sun, W. and Vlassis, N.: Thermodynamic-informed machine learning for pressure-sensitive plasticity model, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-16373,, 2021.