EGU21-16415, updated on 04 Mar 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-16415
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A comparative study of low-temperature dolomite formation driven by exopolymers from hypersaline microbial mats and clays

Zach Diloreto1, Huan Liu2, Xiancai Lu2, Tomaso Bontognali3,4, and Maria Dittrich1
Zach Diloreto et al.
  • 1Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto Scarborough, Canada
  • 2School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, China
  • 3Space Exploration Institute, Neuchâtel, Switzerland
  • 4Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Basel

Recent studies have shown that surfaces rich in functional groups can facilitate nucleation of low-temperature (low-T) dolomite. However, to date few experiments have investigated the details of the nucleation mechanisms nor determined how naturally occurring substances influence crystallization pathways of low-T dolomite. In this study we isolated and characterized extracellular polymers (EPS) from a hypersaline sabkha, as well as clay standards and performed mineralization experiments with these surfaces as seed material. Mineralization experiments were carried out in batch reactors in a solution supersaturated with respect to dolomite. Our results showed that over a five-month period the rate of low-t dolomite formation in samples seeded with EPS was significantly higher compared to those seeded with clay. The observed rates were also shorter than previously published experiments using bacterial cultures (e.g., Kenward et al., 2013, Deng et al., 2019). Precipitates from samples seeded with EPS show crystallization of dolomite pre-cursors after several days and assemblages of dolomite crystals from 10-days forward [Figure 1]. Measurements from EPS seeded samples showed significant depletion of Ca and Mg in solution within one week as well as elevated alkalinity that coincided with dolomite crystallization. Samples seeded with clay and control samples without seed materials showed little and no dolomite crystallization, respectively, during the same time-frame. Overall, the results of this work shows that EPS isolated from microbial mats are preferential nucleation surfaces for carbonate precipitation when compared to clays. Additionally, the findings reveal that the properties of nucleation surfaces such as functional group type and concentration are a key factor driving low-T dolomite precipitation.

Figure 1: Dolomite like phases and representative EDS spectra from a solution seeded with EPS.

 

References:

Kenward PA, Fowle DA, Goldstein RH, Ueshima M, González LA, Roberts JA. Ordered low-temperature dolomite mediated by carboxyl-group density of microbial cell walls. AAPG bulletin. 2013 Nov 1;97(11):2113-25.

Liu D, Xu Y, Papineau D, Yu N, Fan Q, Qiu X, Wang H. Experimental evidence for abiotic formation of low-temperature proto-dolomite facilitated by clay minerals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2019 Feb 15;247:83-95.

 

How to cite: Diloreto, Z., Liu, H., Lu, X., Bontognali, T., and Dittrich, M.: A comparative study of low-temperature dolomite formation driven by exopolymers from hypersaline microbial mats and clays, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-16415, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-16415, 2021.

Display materials

Display file