EGU21-1682, updated on 03 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

​Elastic properties and fluid abundance in the source volume of the 2010-2014 Pollino seismic sequence from P and S wave tomography

Ferdinando Napolitano1, Ortensia Amoroso1, Valeria Vitale1, Anna Gervasi2,3, Mario La Rocca3, and Paolo Capuano1
Ferdinando Napolitano et al.
  • 1Università degli Studi di Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II, 84084, Fisciano (SA), Italy (
  • 2Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Via di Vigna Murata 605, 00143, Roma, Italy
  • 3Dipartimento di Biologia, Ecologia e Scienze della Terra, Università della Calabria, Ponte P. Bucci, 87036, Arcavacata di Rende (CS), Italy

The 2010-2014 Pollino seismic sequence occurred in a well known seismic gap zone in Southern Italy. Although paleoseismological studies revealed the occurrence of at least two earthquakes of MW6.5-7 in the last 10,000 years, no earthquakes larger than M6 occurred in historical times. The sequence had a long duration and it was characterized by a variable seismic rate and by two mainshocks (ML4.3 and ML5.0) occurred in May and October 2012, two years after the beginning of the swarm. In the same area a slow slip event started three months before the ML5.0 earthquake and lasted for one year.

The aim of this work is the investigation of the elastic properties of the seismogenic volume and the presence of abundant fluids inferred from the study of attenuation. The role that fluids in highly fractured media play in triggering and driving the occurrence of earthquake swarms is believed very important, but yet to be understood clearly. In order to investigate the elastic properties of the medium, we performed a local P- and S-wave 3D tomographic image. We selected 870 earthquakes (ML1.8–5.0) occurred between 2010 and 2014 from the sequence and nearby within a volume of 100x120x25km3. We manually picked 9981 P and 6862 S arrivals recorded by 39 seismic stations. The picking consistency was estimated by modified Wadati diagram which also provided an estimate of VP/Vs equal to 1.786.

We applied a linearized, iterative delay-time inversion approach, which simultaneously inverts the first arrivals of direct waves for both velocity model parameters and earthquake locations. The dataset and the station distribution allow us to set a 5x5x1km3 grid for the inversion. We performed several numerical tests to estimate a reliable starting 1D P- and S-wave velocity model. A finer grid of 0.5x0.5x0.5km3 has been set to compute the theoretical arrival travel times at each station through a finite-difference solution of the eikonal equation. The model parameters have been inverted using LSQR method. The best regularization parameter of the inversion has been obtained from the trade-off curve between the model parameters and the data variances. The Derivative Weight Sum and the checkerboard tests have been performed to assess the resolved area of the map.

The preliminary results show a significant increase of VP and VS velocity at depth of about 6 km beneath Mt. Pollino. This interface likely corresponds to the top of the Apulian platform. A low VP, low VP/VS anomaly is found above the eastern cluster of seismicity, and a low VP, high VP/VS anomaly appear north and south-east of the sequence. The latter is spatially consistent with the fluid-rich volume suggested by the results of attenuation analysis. Further analyses will follow to provide more insights about this complex sequence and, in a broader view, about similar swarm-like sequences.

How to cite: Napolitano, F., Amoroso, O., Vitale, V., Gervasi, A., La Rocca, M., and Capuano, P.: ​Elastic properties and fluid abundance in the source volume of the 2010-2014 Pollino seismic sequence from P and S wave tomography, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-1682,, 2021.

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