EGU21-1800, updated on 03 Mar 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-1800
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Changes of air pollutants’ concentrations in selected Romanian cities during the pandemic year 2020

Gabriela Iorga1,2 and George-Bogdan Burghelea1,3
Gabriela Iorga and George-Bogdan Burghelea
  • 1Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest, Atomistilor 405, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele, Romania (gabriela.iorga@g.unibuc.ro)
  • 2Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest, Regina Elisabeta 4-12, 030018 Bucharest, Romania
  • 3“Horia Hulubei” National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Reactorului 30, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele, Romania (george.burghelea@nipne.ro)

Present research contributes to scientific knowledge concerning spatial and temporal variation of major air pollutants with high resolution at the country scale bringing statistical information on concentrations of NOx, O3, CO, SO2 and particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter below 10 μm (PM10) and below 2.5 μm (PM2.5) during the pandemic year 2020 using an observational data set from the Romanian National Air Quality Network in seven selected cities spread out over the country. These cities have different level of development, play regional roles, might have potential influence at European scale and they are expected to be impacted by different pollution sources. Among them, three cities (Bucharest, Brașov, Iași) appear frequently on the list of the European Commission with reference to the infringement procedure that the European Commission launched against Romania in the period 2007-2020 regarding air quality.

Air pollutant data was complemented with local meteorological parameters at each site (atmospheric pressure, relative humidity, temperature, global solar radiation, wind speed and direction). Statistics of air pollutants provide us with an overview of air pollution in main Romanian cities.  Correlations between meteorological parameters and ambient pollutant levels were analyzed. Lowest air pollution levels were measured during the lockdown period in spring, as main traffic and non-essential activities were severely restricted. Among exceptions were the construction activities that were not interrupted. During 2020, some of selected cities experienced few pollution episodes which were due to dust transport from Sahara desert. However, in Bucharest metropolitan area, some cases with high pollution level were found correlated with local anthropogenic activity namely, waste incinerations. Air mass origins were investigated for 72 hours back by computing the air mass backward trajectories using the HYSPLIT model. Dust load and spatial distribution of the aerosol optical depth with BSC-DREAM8b v2.0 and NMBM/BSC-Dust models showed the area with dust particles transport during the dust events.

The obtained results are important for investigations of sources of air pollution and for modeling of air quality.

 

Acknowledgment:

The research leading to these results has received funding from the NO Grants 2014-2021, under Project contract no. 31/2020, EEA-RO-NO-2019-0423 project. NOAA Air Resources Laboratory for HYSPLIT transport model, available at READY website https://www.ready.noaa.gov  and the Barcelona dust forecast center for BSC-DREAM8b and NMBM/BSC-Dust models, available at:  https://ess.bsc.es/bsc-dust-daily-forecast are also acknowledged. The data regarding ground-based air pollution and meteorology by site was extracted from the public available Romanian National Air Quality Database, www.calitateaer.ro.

How to cite: Iorga, G. and Burghelea, G.-B.: Changes of air pollutants’ concentrations in selected Romanian cities during the pandemic year 2020, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-1800, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-1800, 2021.

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