EGU21-1881, updated on 03 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Equatorial Ionospheric Irregularities Observed by COSMIC 2 and GOLD Missions

Qian Wu1,2, John Braun2, William Schreiner2, Sergey Sokolovskiy2, Iurii Cherniak2, Irina Zakharenkova2, Nick Pedatella1,2, Min-yang Chou2, and Doug Hunt2
Qian Wu et al.
  • 1NCAR, HAO, Boulder, United States of America (
  • 2COSMIC/UCP, UCAR, Boulder, United States of America

Equatorial ionospheric irregularities is an important space weather phenomenon, which can disrupt GNSS and communication systems. COSMIC 2 GNSS RO observations are affected via scintillations in signal amplitudes and phases. At the same time, we can use these scintillations to monitor and geolocate the ionospheric irregularities, which are of great value to the space weather services. Geolocation of the irregularities based on the RO signals is difficult, as any irregularities along the line between the GNSS and RO satellite can cause scintillation. Several geolocation methods are known. A back propagation (BP) method to geolocate the irregularities originally developed in 2001 and applied for GPS/MET RO data is being modified and applied for COSMIC 2 scintillation data. Because the equatorial irregularities are often associated with plasma bubbles, which are visible to the NASA UV imager GOLD, we have been using the GOLD images to validate the BP geolocation method.    In this presentation, we will show the progress of recent validation effort of the BP geolocation method by comparing the COSMIC 2 geolocated irregularities with plasma bubbles in GOLD UV observations. Though, GOLD observations are only available in the American sector, COSMIC 2 observations can be used geolocate ionospheric irregularities throughout the equatorial and low latitudes

How to cite: Wu, Q., Braun, J., Schreiner, W., Sokolovskiy, S., Cherniak, I., Zakharenkova, I., Pedatella, N., Chou, M., and Hunt, D.: Equatorial Ionospheric Irregularities Observed by COSMIC 2 and GOLD Missions, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-1881,, 2021.

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