EGU21-189
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-189
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Potential of typical highland and mountain forests in the Czech Republic for climate-smart forestry: ecosystem-scale drought responses

Georg Jocher1, Natalia Kowalska1, Manuel Acosta1, Jan Krejza1,2, Irena Marková2, John Marshall1,3, Tereza Uchytilová1,4, Marian Pavelka1,2, and Michal Marek1,5
Georg Jocher et al.
  • 1Global Change Research Institute, Department of Matter and Energy Fluxes, Brno, Czechia (jocher.g@czechglobe.cz)
  • 2Department of Forest Ecology, Mendel University Brno, 61300 Brno, Czech Republic
  • 3Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 90183 Umeå, Sweden
  • 4Department of Silviculture, Mendel University Brno, 61300 Brno, Czech Republic
  • 5Slovak Technical University, Institute of Management, Vazovova 4, Bratislava, Slovakia

Climate-smart forestry (CSF) consists of an extensive framework of actions directed to mitigating and adapting to global climate change impacts on the resilience and productivity of forest ecosystems. This study investigates the impact of the pan-European 2018 drought on carbon exchange dynamics in typical highland and mountain forests in the Czech Republic, including two coniferous (Norway spruce at Bílý Kříž and Rajec) and one deciduous (European beech at Štítná) stand. Our results show annual net ecosystem CO2 uptake at Rajec to be reduced by 50% during the drought year in comparison to a reference year with normal climatic conditions. Bílý Kříž is less affected by drought, as the local microclimate ensures sufficient water supply. The European beech forest at Štítná is most resilient against drought and its negative impacts: there we detect no differences in carbon exchange dynamics between the drought year and the reference year. We consider the matching of tree species to site conditions as crucial in the context of CSF, specifically regarding the stand response to water limitation and water supply and demand. Successively replacing spruce with beech trees in areas with high water demand but limited water supply, like Rajec, will support the goals of CSF.

How to cite: Jocher, G., Kowalska, N., Acosta, M., Krejza, J., Marková, I., Marshall, J., Uchytilová, T., Pavelka, M., and Marek, M.: Potential of typical highland and mountain forests in the Czech Republic for climate-smart forestry: ecosystem-scale drought responses, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-189, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-189, 2021.

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