EGU21-2187
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-2187
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Estimation water status of the vineyard by calculating multispectral index from satellite images

Marta Rodríguez-Fernández1, María Fandiño1, Xesús Pablo González2, and Javier J. Cancela1
Marta Rodríguez-Fernández et al.
  • 1University of Santiago de Compostela, Escuela Politécnica Superior de Ingeniería, GI-1716, Agroforestry Engineering, Lugo, Spain (javierjose.cancela@usc.es)
  • 2University of Santiago de Compostela, Escuela Politécnica Superior de Ingeniería, GI-2162, Agroforestry Engineering, Lugo, Spain (xesuspablo.gonzalez@usc.es)

The estimation of the water status in the vineyard, is a very important factor, in which every day the winegrowers show more interest since it directly affects the quality and production in the vineyards. The situation generated by COVID-19 in viticulture, adds importance to tools that provide information of the hydric status of vineyard plants in a telematic way.

In the present study, the stem water potential in the 2018 and 2019 seasons, is analysed in a vineyard belonging to the Rias Baixas wine-growing area (Vilagarcia de Arousa, Spain), with 32 sampling points distributed throughout the plot, which allows the contrast and validation with the remote sensing methodology to estimate the water status of the vineyard using satellite images.

The satellite images have been downloaded from the Sentinel-2 satellite, on the closets available dates regarding the stem water potential measurements, carried out in the months of June to September, because this dates are considered the months in which vine plants have higher water requirements.

With satellite images, two spectral index related to the detection of water stress have been calculated: NDWI (Normalized Difference Water Index) and MSI (Moisture Stress Index). Stem water potential measurements, have allowed a linear regression with both index, to validate the use of these multispectral index to determine water stress in the vineyard.

Determination coefficients of r2=0.62 and 0.67, have been obtained in July and August 2018 and 0.54 in June of 2019 for the NDWI index, as well as values of 0.53 and 0.63 in July 2018 and June 2019 respectively, when it has been analysed the MSI index.

Between both seasons, the difference observed, that implies slightly greater water stress in 2019, is reflected in the climate conditions during the summer months, with an average accumulated rainfall that doesn’t exceed 46 mm of water. Although, the NDWI index has allowed to establish better relationships in the 2018 season respect to the MSI index and the 2019 season, (r2=0.60 NDWI in 2018), as well as greater differences in terms of water stress presented in the vineyard.

With the spectral index calculated, it has been possible to validate the use of these index for the determination of the water stress of the vineyard plants, as an efficient, fast and less expensive method, which allows the application of an efficient irrigation system in the vineyard.

How to cite: Rodríguez-Fernández, M., Fandiño, M., González, X. P., and Cancela, J. J.: Estimation water status of the vineyard by calculating multispectral index from satellite images, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-2187, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-2187, 2021.

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