EGU21-2237, updated on 03 Mar 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-2237
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Interpretation of volcanic surface deformation using a 3D multi-source approach

Jose Fernandez1, Antonio G. Camacho1, Sergey V. Samsonov2, Kristy F. Tiampo3, and Mimmo Palano4
Jose Fernandez et al.
  • 1Institute of Geosciences, CSIC, Madrid, Spain (jft@mat.ucm.es;antonio.camacho@mat.ucm.es )
  • 2Canada Centre for Mapping and Earth Observation, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, Canada. (sergey.samsonov@canada.ca)
  • 3CIRES and Geological Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA. (kristy.tiampo@colorado.edu)
  • 4Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Osservatorio Etneo - Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy (mimmo.palano@ingv.it)

Volcano geodetic observation is a valuable tool to infer location, strength and geometry of magmatic plumbing systems. The availability of high precision and spatial resolution, spanning decades, deformation data from satellite radar observation and Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) can give us important information for detecting and characterizing their temporal variations as well as other possible geodynamic sources acting in the volcanic area. For this objective inversion techniques are necessary which help us to obtain the maximum of information from these new datasets. We present a new, original methodology to carry out a multi-source inversion of ground deformation data to better understand the subsurface causative processes (Camacho et al., 2020). The methodology uses a nonlinear approach which permits the determination of location, size and three-dimensional configuration, without any a priori assumption as to the number, nature or shape of the potential sources. The proposed method identifies a combination of pressure bodies and different types of dislocation sources (dip-slip, strike-slip and tensile) representing magmatic sources and other processes such as earthquakes, landslides or groundwater-induced subsidence through the aggregation of elemental cells. This approach carries out a simultaneous inversion of the deformation components and/or line-of-sight (LOS) data; and a simultaneous determination of diverse structures such as pressure bodies or dislocation sources, representing local and regional effects. Both things are done in a fully 3D context and without any initial hypothesis about the number, geometry or types of the causative sources is necessary. We show results from the application of this new methodology to synthetic and real test cases (e.g., Mt. Etna).

This research has been primarily supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación and Universidades research project DEEP-MAPS (RTI2018-093874-B-I00) and is part of the CSIC-PTIs TELEDETEC and POLARCSIC activities.

References
Camacho, A.G., Fernández, J., Samsonov, S.V., Tiampo K.F., Palano, M., 2020. Multisource 3D modelling of elastic volcanic ground deformations. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 547C, 116445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2020.116445.

How to cite: Fernandez, J., Camacho, A. G., Samsonov, S. V., Tiampo, K. F., and Palano, M.: Interpretation of volcanic surface deformation using a 3D multi-source approach, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-2237, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-2237, 2021.

Corresponding presentation materials formerly uploaded have been withdrawn.