EGU21-2264, updated on 02 Jan 2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-2264
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Ocean alkalinity enhancement as a tool to mitigate ocean acidification and facilitate CO2 uptake from the atmosphere

Jakob Rønning1 and Carolin Löscher2
Jakob Rønning and Carolin Löscher
  • 1University of Southern Denmark, Science, Biology, Denmark (jakobronning@biology.sdu.dk)
  • 2University of Southern Denmark, Science, Biology, Denmark (cloescher@biology.sdu.dk)

Anthropogenic global warming over the last century has led to a steady increase of CO2 in the atmosphere. One of the consequences of increasing CO2 concentrations is ocean acidification, a phenomenon problematic to marine biodiversity and biogeochemistry. The ocean reservoir takes up 25% of CO2 from the atmosphere both chemically and biologically. This potential can be made use of to promote CO2 uptake from the atmosphere while mitigating ocean acidification and protecting biodiversity using negative emission technologies associated with the ocean. We have investigated the potential of various alkaline minerals to stabilize seawater pH overtime on a small scale. Those alkaline minerals were predicted to be appropriate for ocean alkalinity enhancement and can offer a toolset to mitigate CO2 from the atmosphere. Specifically, we have examined how chalk, calcite, dolomite, limestone, and olivine affects seawater pH and total alkalinity (TA) on timescales of several months. Thereby, we could identify two promising minerals, dolomite and olivine, and develop a strategy for mineral additions to buffer the seawater pH. Importantly, the often proposed had an unexpected opposite impact and massively lowered the seawater pH over a timescale of 100 days. The identified advantageous minerals will inform our experiments on primary producer cultures and natural consortia.

How to cite: Rønning, J. and Löscher, C.: Ocean alkalinity enhancement as a tool to mitigate ocean acidification and facilitate CO2 uptake from the atmosphere, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-2264, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-2264, 2021.

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