EGU21-2268, updated on 03 Nov 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-2268
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

 Self-weakening feedbacks in the ductile lithospheric mantle: looking for a realistic mantle rheology enabling plate boundary formation

Fanny Garel1, Catherine Thoraval1, Andrea Tommasi1, Sylvie Demouchy1, and D. Rhodri Davies2
Fanny Garel et al.
  • 1Montpellier, Géosciences Montpellier, Montpellier, France (fanny.garel@gm.univ-montp2.fr)
  • 2Research School of Earth Science, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

Deformed plate boundaries, rigid lithospheric plates, and the more deformable asthenospheric mantle underneath, are for the most part made of homogeneous peridotite, which most abundant mineral is olivine. The key ingredient explaining such contrasted mechanical properties is the rheology, with deformation mechanisms depend on physical conditions and on intrinsic, possibly inherited, material properties such as grain size or crystal orientation. Here, we investigate plate break-up using thermo-mechanical models of subduction with a deforming upper plate. Our models feature cutting-edge low-temperature dislocation creep ensuring a continuity in rheology from asthenosphere to lithosphere. We discuss the dynamical transition from lithosphere to asthenosphere at the base of the plates, and how this transitions shallows during plate extension. The potential of deformation to localize from the base of the lithospheric plate is evaluated through the partitioning between diffusion and dislocation creep and its evolution resulting from a feedback related to strain-rate dependent viscosity. We analyze the evolution of physical fields to understand why deformation sometimes (but not always) localize to form a new plate boundary.

How to cite: Garel, F., Thoraval, C., Tommasi, A., Demouchy, S., and Davies, D. R.:  Self-weakening feedbacks in the ductile lithospheric mantle: looking for a realistic mantle rheology enabling plate boundary formation, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-2268, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-2268, 2021.

Corresponding presentation materials formerly uploaded have been withdrawn.