EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Luminescence dating Hajar Mountain alluvial fan systems, northern Oman 

Sam Woor1, Julie Durcan1, Ash Parton2,3, and David Thomas1
Sam Woor et al.
  • 1University of Oxford, School of Geography and the Environment, Oxford, United Kingdom of Great Britain – England, Scotland, Wales (
  • 2Mansfield College, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3TF, UK
  • 3Human Origins and Palaeoenvironments Research Group, School of Social Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Gipsy Lane, Oxford, OX3 0BP, UK

The alluvial/fluvial fan systems of northern Oman act as sensitive geoproxy records of Late Quaternary palaeohydrology and past landscape evolution, offering records of palaeoenvironmental change which cannot be reconstructed from nearby speleothem records alone (Parton et al., 2013). These systems also provide evidence for the important link between the changing abundance of freshwater in the Arabian interior and the dispersal of anatomically modern humans (AMHs) out of Africa (Rosenberg et al., 2012). Limited previous luminescence dating analyses have reported fan activation west of the Hajar during insolation maxima and monsoon intensification throughout the Late Quaternary (Parton et al., 2015). However, there are currently no studies to date which present chronologies for the fan systems to the east of the Hajar Mountains.

We present the first luminescence based chronology for the fan systems to the east of the Hajar Mountains, providing landform scale data on fan behaviour, including spatial-temporal complexity and variability. This facilitates comparison of the temporal response of fans east and west of the mountains, including differential responses to external forcing. Ages will also be compared with regional palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic records, to inform landscape reconstructions in northern Oman during the late Quaternary.


Rosenberg, T.M., Preusser, F., Blechschmidt, I., Fleitmann, D., Jagher, R. and Matter, A., 2012. Late Pleistocene palaeolake in the interior of Oman: a potential key area for the dispersal of anatomically modern humans out‐of‐Africa?. Journal of Quaternary Science, 27(1), pp.13-16.

Parton, A., Farrant, A.R., Leng, M.J., Schwenninger, J.L., Rose, J.I., Uerpmann, H.P. and Parker, A.G., 2013. An early MIS 3 pluvial phase in Southeast Arabia: climatic and archaeological implications. Quaternary International, 300, pp.62-74.

Parton, A., Farrant, A.R., Leng, M.J., Telfer, M.W., Groucutt, H.S., Petraglia, M.D. and Parker, A.G., 2015. Alluvial fan records from southeast Arabia reveal multiple windows for human dispersal. Geology, 43(4), pp.295-298.


How to cite: Woor, S., Durcan, J., Parton, A., and Thomas, D.: Luminescence dating Hajar Mountain alluvial fan systems, northern Oman , EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-2325,, 2021.


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