EGU21-2414, updated on 03 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Deep-water syn-rift sedimentary response to alternating Late Quaternary palaeoenvironments in the Gulf of Corinth (Greece)

Natacha Fabregas1, Sofia Pechlivanidou1, Robert Gawthorpe1, Mary Ford2, and Richard Collier3
Natacha Fabregas et al.
  • 1Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
  • 2Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Géologie (ENSG), Université de Lorraine, Nancy, France
  • 3School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

Relatively few detailed studies exist of rift axis depositional systems and the controls on their sedimentology and stratigraphy. Cores from the IODP Expedition 381 (Corinth Active Rift Development) provide a continuous high resolution stratigraphic record of depositional processes operating within this deep-water rift. During the Late Quaternary, the Gulf of Corinth alternated between marine and isolated/non-marine conditions due to intermittent connection with the open ocean across a sill driven by climate-related sea-level fluctuations. In this study we performed bed scale logging of the sedimentary deposits within the eastern Gulf of Corinth in order to understand key controls on sedimentation during the Late Quaternary. High resolution, mm-scale analysis was performed on the first 300 m of core from Site M0079 that records the last two glacial-interglacial cycles and the Holocene (Marine Isotope Stages 1 to 7). The succession is dominated by fine-grained gravity flows (event beds) and hemipelagic sediments. Event beds result from discrete events that interrupt/overprint ongoing low energy sedimentation. As such, these have been abstracted in order to define three main sedimentary unit types. Unit-scale logging was extended to the rest of the succession and to the other drill sites to build a stratigraphic and depositional model covering the last ca. 700 kyr of deposition. Our results show that during interglacial periods (i.e. marine conditions), the sediment record consists mainly of highly bioturbated mud with rarer occurrences of coarser grained sediment. Sedimentary structures and identifiable event beds have largely been lost due to the high degree of bioturbation. In contrast, during glacial periods (i.e. isolated/semi-isolated lake conditions) the deposits are well bedded with a low bioturbation index and background muds alternate with event beds. Transitional strata, between marine and non-marine units, show finely laminated beds rich in aragonite, often becoming more organic rich toward the top. The deepest parts of the core penetrate slumped units and thicker gravity flow deposits. This study allows us to recognise the response to high frequency climatic fluctuations recorded in the sedimentary succession of this deep-water rift.

How to cite: Fabregas, N., Pechlivanidou, S., Gawthorpe, R., Ford, M., and Collier, R.: Deep-water syn-rift sedimentary response to alternating Late Quaternary palaeoenvironments in the Gulf of Corinth (Greece), EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-2414,, 2021.

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