EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Simulation of the record Arctic stratospheric ozone depletion in 2020

Jens-Uwe Grooß and Rolf Müller
Jens-Uwe Grooß and Rolf Müller
  • Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Institut für Energie- und Klimaforschung - Stratosphäre (IEK-7), Jülich, Germany (

In Arctic winter/spring 2019/2020, the stratospheric temperatures  were exceptionally low until early April and the polar vortex was  very stable.  As a consequence, significant chemical ozone depletion  occurred in Northern polar regions in spring 2020.  Here, we present  simulations by the Chemical Lagrangian Model of the Stratosphere  (CLaMS) that address the development of chlorine compounds and  ozone in the polar stratosphere in 2020.  The simulation reproduces  relevant observations of ozone and chlorine compounds, as shown by  comparisons with data from Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS), Atmospheric  Chemistry Experiment - Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS),  in-situ ozone sondes and the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI).  Although the concentration of chlorine and bromine compounds in the  polar stratosphere has decreased by more than 10% compared to the  peak values around the year 2000, the meteorological conditions in  winter/spring 2019/2020 caused an unprecedented ozone depletion. The  simulated lowest ozone mixing ratio was around 0.05 ppmv and the  calculated partial ozone column depletion in the vortex core in the  lower stratosphere reached 141 Dobson Units between 350 and 600 K  potential temperature, which is more than the  loss in the years 2011 and 2016 which until 2020 had seen the  largest Arctic ozone depletion on record.

How to cite: Grooß, J.-U. and Müller, R.: Simulation of the record Arctic stratospheric ozone depletion in 2020, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-2429,, 2021.

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