EGU21-261, updated on 08 Dec 2022
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

MAX-DOAS measurements of NO2 and HCHO in the city of Kinshasa from 2019-2020

Rodriguez Yombo1,3, Alexis Merlaud2, Gaia Pinardi2, Emmanuel Mahieu1, Martina Friedrich2, François Hendrick2, Caroline Fayt2, Michel Van Roozendael2, Richard Bopili Mbotia Lepiba3, Djibi Buenimio Lomami3, and Jean-Pierre Mbungu Tsumbu3
Rodriguez Yombo et al.
  • 1Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique (
  • 2Belgian Royal Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB)
  • 3Université de Kinshasa (UniKin), Faculté des Sciences, Département de Physique, Kinshasa, RD Congo

Recent studies in Kinshasa show how much air pollution is present in this large megalopolis of 13 million inhabitants, with levels even exceeding the recommended values (WHO, 2018).

From May 2017 to November 2019, the University of Kinshasa (UniKin: -4.42°S, 15.31°E) has equipped itself with a low-cost instrument operating in single-axis mode. Studies based on measurements made with this instrument have demonstrated the presence of NO2 with highest vertical column densities (VCDs) in June, July and August (R. Yombo, 2020). With this low-cost instrument, information such as aerosol and NO2 profile, which have major impacts on the determination of VCDs could not be obtained, leading to considerable uncertainties in the results obtained.

This work therefore supports the first one as described above, by presenting first results of a new MAX-DOAS (multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy) system built at the IASB, in Belgium, and installed in Kinshsasa at the same location in November 2019. We first present the new MAX-DOAS, which is based on compact Avantes spectrometer (280-550 nm, 0.7 nm FWHM), a small computer, and a scanner.  We describe the analyses for aerosol extinction, HCHO and NO2 using FRM4-DOAS. For these two molecules, we compare with model simulations (GEOS-Chem) and satellite observations (OMI, TROPOMI).

How to cite: Yombo, R., Merlaud, A., Pinardi, G., Mahieu, E., Friedrich, M., Hendrick, F., Fayt, C., Van Roozendael, M., Bopili Mbotia Lepiba, R., Buenimio Lomami, D., and Mbungu Tsumbu, J.-P.: MAX-DOAS measurements of NO2 and HCHO in the city of Kinshasa from 2019-2020, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-261,, 2021.

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