EGU21-2952, updated on 03 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Below the Mosul Dam Lake. Geomorphological reconstruction of historical fluvial pattern of the Tigris River 

Luca Forti1,2, Andrea Pezzotta1, Eleonora Regattieri2, Guido Stefano Mariani3, Filippo Brandolini4, and Andrea Zerboni1
Luca Forti et al.
  • 1Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra "Ardito Desio", Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy (
  • 2Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Pisa, Italy
  • 3Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Geologiche, Università degli Studi di Cagliari, Italy
  • 4McCord Centre for Landscape - School of History, Classics and ArchaeologyNewcastle University, Armstrong Building, Newcastle upon Tyne - NE17RU (UK).

Located along the Tigris River in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI), the Mosul Dam reservoir is the second biggest dam of the Near East, and represents an important water storage for local human activities. The Dam was built between 1981 and 1988 north of the village of Eski Mosul; along this part of the Tigris River several archaeological sites were inundated. Analysis of historical images derived from Declassified Corona satellite acquired between December 1967 and August 1968 reveals seasonal changes of the Tigris riverbed, shifting across the hydrological year from meandering to anastomosing. The geomorphological mapping was carried out on the December 1967 and. in August 1968, Corona images were taken, in order to estimate the modification of several fluvial geomorphological elements such as floodplain and point, middle and longitudinal bars. Here, such evidence is compared with Landsat data collected between the 1990ies and today, in order to detect the first phases of filling of the basin and the control of inherited Tigris channel belt over the reservoir. Moreover, we also noticed an influence of the ancient Tigris course on is recent insertion into the lake. Our work permitted to reconstruct the ancient fluvial landscape below the Mosul Dam Lake, and its evolution in response to seasonal variation of the discharge.

How to cite: Forti, L., Pezzotta, A., Regattieri, E., Mariani, G. S., Brandolini, F., and Zerboni, A.: Below the Mosul Dam Lake. Geomorphological reconstruction of historical fluvial pattern of the Tigris River , EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-2952,, 2021.

Corresponding presentation materials formerly uploaded have been withdrawn.