EGU21-3152, updated on 03 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Disentangling controls and orbital pacing of South-East Atlantic carbonate deposition since the Oligocene (30-0 Ma)

Anna Joy Drury1,2, Diederik Liebrand1, Thomas Westerhold1, Helen M. Beddow3, David A. Hodell4, Nina Rohlfs1, Roy H. Wilkens5, Mitchell W. Lyle6, David B. Bell7, Dick Kroon7, Heiko Pälike1, and Lucas J. Lourens3
Anna Joy Drury et al.
  • 1MARUM - Centre for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
  • 2Department of Earth Sciences, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK (
  • 3Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • 4Department of Earth Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
  • 5University of Hawaii, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA
  • 6College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
  • 7School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK

The evolution of Cenozoic climate since 30 million years ago (Ma) has broadly chartered the transformation from a unipolar to a bipolar world. Highly resolved records of carbonate content (%CaCO3) can provide insight into regional responses to shifting climate, cryosphere and carbon cycle dynamics. Here, we generate the first South-East Atlantic %CaCO3 record spanning 30-0 Ma, derived from X-ray fluorescence (XRF) ln(Ca/Fe) data collected at Ocean Drilling Program Site 1264, located on the Angola Basin side of the Walvis Ridge (SE Atlantic Ocean). We present a comprehensive and continuous depth and age model for the entirety of Site 1264 (~316 m; 30-0 Ma), which constitutes a key reference framework for future palaeoclimatic and palaeoceanographic studies at this location.

We can identify three phases with a distinct orbital imprint on South-East Atlantic CaCO3 deposition, broadly occurring across major developments in climate, the cryosphere and/or the carbon cycle: 1) strong ~110 kyr eccentricity pacing prevails during Oligo-Miocene global warmth (~30-13 Ma); 2) eccentricity-modulated precession imprints more strongly after the mid Miocene Climate Transition (mMCT) (~14-8 Ma); 3) strong obliquity pacing prevails in the late Miocene (~7.7-3.3 Ma) following the increasing influence of high-latitude processes.

The lowest %CaCO3 (92-94%) occur between 18.5-14.5 Ma, potentially reflecting increased dissolution or decreased productivity, probably caused by widespread early Miocene warmth. Around 14 Ma, the increased sensitivity to precession at Site 1264 is associated with an increase in mass accumulation rates (MARs) and could reflect increased regional CaCO3 productivity and/or an influx of less corrosive deep water following regional changes in surface and/or deep-water circulation after Antarctic reglaciation across the mMCT.

The highest %CaCO3 and MARs indicate the late Miocene Biogenic Bloom (LMBB) occurs between ~7.8-3.3 Ma at Site 1264, which is broadly, but not exactly, contemporaneous with the LMBB in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Global similarities in the expression of the LMBB may reflect an increased nutrient input into the global ocean resulting from enhanced aeolian dust and/or glacial/chemical weathering fluxes, whereas regional variability in the timing and amplitude of the LMBB may be driven by regional differences in cooling, continental aridification and/or changes in ocean circulation during the latest Miocene.

How to cite: Drury, A. J., Liebrand, D., Westerhold, T., Beddow, H. M., Hodell, D. A., Rohlfs, N., Wilkens, R. H., Lyle, M. W., Bell, D. B., Kroon, D., Pälike, H., and Lourens, L. J.: Disentangling controls and orbital pacing of South-East Atlantic carbonate deposition since the Oligocene (30-0 Ma), EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-3152,, 2021.

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