EGU21-3328
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-3328
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Effects of saltwater intrusion on the methane-cycling microbial community of a freshwater rewetted coastal fen

Cordula Gutekunst1, Anna-K. Jenner2, Gerald Jurasinski1, Michael E. Böttcher2,3,4, Franziska Koebsch1, Jens Kallmeyer5, Klaus-Holger Knorr6, Viktoria Unger1, Sizhong Yang5, and Susanne Liebner5,7
Cordula Gutekunst et al.
  • 1Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany (cordula.gutekunst@uni-rostock.de)
  • 2Leibnitz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Rostock, Germany
  • 3Marine Geochemistry, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
  • 4Department of Maritime Systems, Interdisciplinary Faculty, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
  • 5GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany
  • 6Institute of Landscape Ecology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany
  • 7Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany

Drainage of peatlands for intensive and long-term agricultural use leads to higher mineralization rates of the organic material and thus, increased carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. However, when degraded peatlands are rewetted, high methane (CH4) emissions are frequently observed, that may offset the reductions in CO2 emissions. The created anaerobic conditions are favorable for methanogenic microorganisms and lead to the production of CH4. The presence of sulfate in marine waters typically inhibits methanogenesis because methanogens are outcompeted by sulfate reducers. Therefore, the rewetting of coastal peatlands with marine waters is assumed to keep CH4 emissions low. Flooding of coastal wetlands as a consequence of higher sea levels could strengthen the carbon sink function of these systems if the peatlands are able to grow their surface on par with the sea level. We used the January 2019 storm surge in the southern Baltic Sea to investigate the effects of brackish water intrusion on microbial abundance and community data along with CO2 and CH4 exchange data on a rewetted minerotrophic fen. Previous studies showed that despite the proximity to the Baltic Sea, the fen’s marine sulfate pool was substantially exhausted, and the microbial community was dominated by acetotrophic methanogens and high CH4 emission characteristic for freshwater environments. We took parallel soil cores to compare the microbial methane-cycling community to the former freshwater rewetted state from four locations along a brackish water gradient. We used high-throughput sequencing and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) on pools of DNA and cDNA targeting total and putatively active bacteria and archaea (16S rRNA gene), methanogens (mcrA), methanotrophs (pmoA) and sulfate-reducing bacteria (dsrB). Greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes along the salinity transect were measured locally with closed-chambers and in addition on the ecosystem level using the eddy covariance approach. Chamber measurements along the transect imply lower CH4 emissions at plots with higher salinity post-intrusion. This coincides with a drop in ecosystem CH4 fluxes and with shifts from methane-cycling to sulfate-reducing microorganisms. We expect that organisms involved in anaerobic CH4 oxidation with sulfate as terminal electron acceptor will be more prominent after the saltwater intrusion.

Moreover, the effect of rewetting with saltwater on GHG fluxes and microbial communities in degraded fens will be discussed relative to the effects of freshwater inundation and seasonal droughts which were assessed in the same location before.

How to cite: Gutekunst, C., Jenner, A.-K., Jurasinski, G., Böttcher, M. E., Koebsch, F., Kallmeyer, J., Knorr, K.-H., Unger, V., Yang, S., and Liebner, S.: Effects of saltwater intrusion on the methane-cycling microbial community of a freshwater rewetted coastal fen, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-3328, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-3328, 2021.

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