EGU21-3691, updated on 20 Jun 2022
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The microphysical characters of wintertime mixed-phase clouds in North China.

Xuexu Wu1,2, Minghuai Wang1,2, Daniel Rosenfeld1,3, Delong Zhao1,4, and Deping Ding4
Xuexu Wu et al.
  • 1School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, 210023 Nanjing, China
  • 2Joint International Research Laboratory of Atmospheric and Earth System Sciences & Institute for Climate and Global Change Research, Nanjing University, China
  • 3Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
  • 4Beijing Weather Modification Office, Beijing, China

We use aircraft observation data to investigate the microphysical characters of wintertime mixed-phase clouds in North China, including the cloud particle number concentration (Nc), the liquid water content (LWC), the ice particle number concentration (Ni), the ice water content (IWC), the particle spectrum distributions (PSDs) and the effective diameter (De). For wintertime mixed-phase clouds, the average Nc and Ni were 170±154 cm-3 and 26±39 L-1, respectively; the average LWC and IWC were 0.05±0.06 and 0.07±0.09g/m3, respectively; the De for cloud particles was 10±4 μm. When compared to the results from other regions, including East Europe, North America, Southern Ocean and Tibetan Plateau, we found that the wintertime mixed-phase cloud in North China has larger Nc, smaller LWC, IWC and De, and narrower PSDs. The main reason might be the larger aerosol loading and smaller water content in the atmosphere in winter in North China. With increasing temperature, Nc and LWC increased, but Ni and De decreased. The dominate physical processes in wintertime mixed-phase cloud were aggregation process and riming process. As the temperature increased, the peak concentration of ice PSD decreased, but Ni increased and the ice PSD became wider, indicating more ice crystals and the ice crystals became larger at higher temperature. With temperature increasing, the ice habit also changed, and the amount of plates, irregular crystals and their aggregates increased. What’s more, with the existence of larger LWC at higher temperature, the ice crystals gradually tightened and their surface became more complicated as well. Therefore, both aggregation process and riming process were more active at higher temperature, but riming process changed much more. This work fills the gap in the observation of wintertime mixed-phase clouds in north China, and the results suggest that the wintertime mixed-phase clouds have some unique microphysical characters.


How to cite: Wu, X., Wang, M., Rosenfeld, D., Zhao, D., and Ding, D.: The microphysical characters of wintertime mixed-phase clouds in North China., EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-3691,, 2021.

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