EGU21-4150
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-4150
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Relative impacts of climate change and anthropogenic forcing on karst spring discharge forecasting of a Mediterranean catchment

Vianney Sivelle1, Hervé Jourde1, Daniel Bittner2,3, Naomi Mazzilli4, and Yves Tramblay1
Vianney Sivelle et al.
  • 1HydroSciences Montpellier (HSM), Université de Montpellier, CNRS, IRD, 34090 Montpellier, France
  • 2Erftverband, Department for River Basin Management, Am Erftverband 6, 50126 Bergheim, Germany
  • 3Faculty of Civil, Geo and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Munich, Arcisstr. 21, 80333, Munich, Germany
  • 4EMMAH, INRAE, Avignon Université, 84000, Avignon, France

The Mediterranean region is identified as a climate change hotspot, where future scenarios indicate an increase of temperature associated with a decrease of precipitation. Providing future scenarios of water resource availability considering both climate and anthropogenic changes on karst catchments remains a major challenge for hydrological sciences. The study concerns the Oeillal spring, which is one outlet of the karst catchment associated with the Fonfroide-Monredon massif (southern France), mainly composed by Jurassic limestones. We assess the relative effects of climate changes and anthropogenic forcing on the karst spring discharge by coupling 12 climate model simulations (GCM/RCM) under two emission scenarios (RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5) with 3 hydrological models and considering 4 scenarios of groundwater abstraction for drinking water supply (no abstraction, present-day abstraction, +50 % abstraction and +100 % abstraction at horizon 2100).  We find that climate change has a major effect on the future evolution of the Oeillal spring’s discharge and that groundwater abstraction constitutes a secondary but non-negligible factor, which increases the occurrence of dry up of the Oeillal spring.

How to cite: Sivelle, V., Jourde, H., Bittner, D., Mazzilli, N., and Tramblay, Y.: Relative impacts of climate change and anthropogenic forcing on karst spring discharge forecasting of a Mediterranean catchment, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-4150, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-4150, 2021.

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