EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Comparing a new paleomap of European loess landscapes to an atmospheric dust circulation model

Janina J. (Bösken) Nett1, Frank Lehmkuhl1, Erik J. Schaffernicht2, Stephan Pötter1, Philipp Schulte1, Patrick Ludwig3, Tobias Sprafke4, and Ulrich Hambach5
Janina J. (Bösken) Nett et al.
  • 1Department of Geography, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany (
  • 2Department of Physics, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 3Kompetenzzentrum Boden (KOBO), BFH-HAFL, Zollikofen, Switzerland
  • 4Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • 5BayCEER & Chair of Geomorphology, University of Bayreuth, Germany

Loess is an important archive of environmental change covering approximately 10% of the Earth’s terrestrial surface. Numerous studies have analyzed loess deposits and in particular loess-paleosol sequences. To analyze these sequences, it is important to know the spatial distribution of aeolian sediments, their location relative to potential source areas, and the geomorphology of the sink area. We investigated these aspects by compiling a new map of aeolian sediments in Europe using highly resolved geodata from 27 countries (Lehmkuhl et al., in press). To determine the most relevant factors for the European loess distribution, we further mapped potential source areas and divided the map into different facies domains. We analyzed the geomorphological and paleoenvironmental effects on the deposition and preservation of Late Pleistocene loess. Finally, the geodata-based results were compared with results obtained from high-resolved regional numerical climate-dust experiments for the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) in Europe, which were performed with the LGM-adapted Weather Research and Forecasting model coupled with Chemistry (WRF-Chem-LGM; Schaffernicht et al., 2020).  Complementing the mapping-based findings with the WRF-Chem-LGM experiments results in an improved understanding of the Late Pleistocene loess landscape in Europe.



Lehmkuhl, F., Nett, J.J., Pötter, S., Schulte, P., Sprafke, T., Jary, Z., Antoine, P., Wacha, L., Wolf, D., Zerboni, A., Hošek, J., Marković, S.B., Obreht, I., Sümegi, P., Veres, D., Zeeden, C., Boemke, B., Schaubert, V., Viehweger, J., Hambach, U. (in press). Loess landscapes of Europe – Mapping, geomorphology, and zonal differentiation. Earth-Science Reviews. Doi:

Schaffernicht, E.J., Ludwig, P., Shao, Y., 2020. Linkage between dust cycle and loess of the last Glacial Maximum in Europe. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 20, 4969–4986. Doi:10.5194/acp-20-4969-2020.

How to cite: Nett, J. J. (., Lehmkuhl, F., Schaffernicht, E. J., Pötter, S., Schulte, P., Ludwig, P., Sprafke, T., and Hambach, U.: Comparing a new paleomap of European loess landscapes to an atmospheric dust circulation model, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-4345,, 2021.

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