EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Training a convolutional neural network to conserve mass in data assimilation

Yvonne Ruckstuhl1, Tijana Janjic1, and Stephan Rasp2
Yvonne Ruckstuhl et al.
  • 1Meteorological Institute Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany (
  • 2ClimateAi, San Francisco, USA

In previous work, it was shown that preservation of physical properties  in the data assimilation framework can significantly reduce forecast errors. Proposed data assimilation methods, such as the quadratic programming ensemble (QPEns) that can impose such constraints on the calculation of the analysis, are computationally more expensive, severely limiting their application to high dimensional prediction systems as found in earth sciences. We therefore propose to use a convolutional neural network (CNN) trained on the difference between the analysis produced by a standard ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) and the QPEns to correct any violations of imposed constraints. On this poster, we focus on conservation of mass and show in an idealized setup that the hybrid of a CNN and the EnKF is capable of reducing analysis and background errors to the same level as the QPEns. 

How to cite: Ruckstuhl, Y., Janjic, T., and Rasp, S.: Training a convolutional neural network to conserve mass in data assimilation, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-4350,, 2021.

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