EGU21-4626
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-4626
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Neotropical Ostracodes as Indicator for Paleo-Hurricanes - High-temporal Calcification Periods traced by Oxygen Isotopes

Claudia Wrozyna1, Thomas C. Brachert1, Martin Dietzel2, Stefan Geyer3, Markus Reuter1, and Werner E. Piller4
Claudia Wrozyna et al.
  • 1Institut für Geologie und Geophysik, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany (claudia.wrozyna@uni-leipzig.de)
  • 2Institut für Angewandte Geowissenschaften, TU Graz, Graz, Austria
  • 3Catchment Hydrology, Helmholtz Zentrum für Umweltforschung, Halle, Germany
  • 4Institut für Erdwissenschaften, Universität Graz, NAWI Center, Graz, Austria

Overwash deposits in coastal lagoons are most commonly utilized for the identification of past hurricane landfalls. These deposits have a small spatial distribution and a limited preservation potential. Thus, geochemical approaches to indicate palaeo-hurricanes, such as δ18O signatures of carbonate deposits, are rare besides most archives do not provide the requested high temporal resolution. Ostracodes are ideally suited for the application of paleo-hurricanes since they calcify new valves within hours to few days – fast enough to document a rainstorm event. But, information on the ostracode life cycle and influences on modern oxygen isotope compositions are limited, especially in tropical regions.    

This study investigates the relationship between hydrochemistry, climate, and valve geochemistry (δ18O, δ13C) of living populations of the common Neotropical ostracode Cytheridella on a large geographical range. Since most of the regions in the Neotropics are sparsely covered by hydrochemical data, especially with respect to stable isotopes (δ18O and δ13C), the present approach is based on estimation of δ18Oeq values calcites at isotope equilibrium as references for the interpretation of oxygen isotope distribution of ostracodes.

As postulated in other studies δ18Oprecipitation and temperature are the most important controls on lake water and, consequently, ostracode δ18O.

Oxygen isotope composition reveals inferences to be drawn on calcification periods of Cytheridella within its geographical distribution. Offsets between Cytheridella δ18O and δ18Oeq values vary throughout the year and coincide only during spring (April/May) and autumn (October) which indicates that Cytheridella calcifies seasonally in all investigated regions. This implies a synchronous life cycle of Cytheridella in all investigated regions. Since the regions differ in climatic conditions (i.e., precipitation seasonality and amounts, temperature gradients) an environmental control on Cytheridella´s life cycle can be excluded.

The above approach yields in an improved understanding of geochemical (i.e., δ18O, δ13C) signatures of ostracode valves on a seasonal basis especially in regions where few information on lake water hydrochemistry is available and points to δ18O values of ostracode species to be used for the identification of hurricane-related precipitation extremes by their high-temporal resolution of seasonal calcification.

How to cite: Wrozyna, C., Brachert, T. C., Dietzel, M., Geyer, S., Reuter, M., and Piller, W. E.: Neotropical Ostracodes as Indicator for Paleo-Hurricanes - High-temporal Calcification Periods traced by Oxygen Isotopes, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-4626, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-4626, 2021.

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