EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Third Revision of the Bottom-up Global Surface Seawater Dimethyl Sulphide Climatology (DMS-Rev3) 

Shrivardhan Hulswar1, George Manville4, Rafel Simo2, Marti Gali3, Thomas G. Bell5, Paul Halloran4, Arancha Lana6, and Anoop S. Mahajan1
Shrivardhan Hulswar et al.
  • 1Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India (,
  • 2Institut de Ciències del Mar (CSIC), Barcelona, Spain
  • 3Barcelona Supercomputing Centre, Barcelona, Spain
  • 4University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
  • 5Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML), Plymouth, UK
  • 6Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados (IMEDEA), Mallorca, Spain

An updated estimation of the bottom-up global surface seawater dimethyl sulphide (DMS) climatology, DMS-Rev3, is the third of its kind and includes five significant changes from the last climatology, ‘L11’ (Lana et al., 2011) that was released about a decade ago. The first change is the inclusion of new observations that have become available over the last decade, i.e., the total number of observations included in DMS- Rev3 are 865,109 as compared to 47,313 data points used in the last estimation (~1728% increase in raw data). The second was significant improvements in data handling, processing, filtering, to avoid bias due to different observation frequencies. Thirdly, we incorporated the dynamic seasonal changes observed in the ocean biogeochemical provinces and their variable geographic boundaries. Fourth change was refinements in the interpolation algorithm used to fill up the missing data. And finally, an upgraded smoothing algorithm based on observed DMS variability length scales (VLS) which helped reproduce a more realistic distribution of the DMS concentration data. The results show that DMS-Rev3 estimates the global annual mean DMS concentration at 2.34 nM, 4% lower than the current bottom-up ‘L11’ climatology. However, significant regional differences of more than 100% are observed. The largest changes are observed in high concentration regions such as the polar oceans, although oceanic regions which were under-sampled in the past also show large differences. DMS-Rev3 reduces the previously observed patchiness in high productivity regions.

How to cite: Hulswar, S., Manville, G., Simo, R., Gali, M., Bell, T. G., Halloran, P., Lana, A., and Mahajan, A. S.: Third Revision of the Bottom-up Global Surface Seawater Dimethyl Sulphide Climatology (DMS-Rev3) , EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-4652,, 2021.

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