EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Changing patterns of extreme hydrological events in Morocco 

Sara Boughdadi1, M. El Mehdi Saidi1, and Yves Tramblay2
Sara Boughdadi et al.
  • 1Cadi Ayyad, fst Marrakech, Earth sciences , Morocco (
  • 2HydroSciences Montpellier, University of Montpellier, CNRS, IRD, France(

Morocco experiences a semi-arid climate with both Mediterranean and Atlantic  influences, causing a strong variability of rainfall. It has also high mountain ranges from North to South, separating vast regions with contrasted climatic and hydrologic conditions. In this context, Morocco is highly vulnerable to extreme hydrological events, such as floods and extended drought periods, impacting the population and the economic activities. In a global change context, there is a need to investigate whether these hydrological extremes are becoming stronger since an increased vulnerability has been observed in the last decades. Here, we analyzed long-term time series of daily flows from 17 basins located in the North (Mediterranean: Loukkos), in the center (Atlantic: Bourgreg, Oum Errabia) and in the South Western (Tensift, Souss, Massa, Draa) of Morocco. The objective is to evaluate the evolution of floods and low-flows in a regional perspective. For that purpose, statistical models for extreme values allowing non-stationarity are used in combination with trend-detection tests. The results showed increasing trends in maximum annual flows only at two stations in central Morocco, while decreasing trends in the north and south prevail. On the contrary, changes in low-flows and river intermittency are more widespread across the basins with contrasted climatic conditions.

How to cite: Boughdadi, S., Saidi, M. E. M., and Tramblay, Y.: Changing patterns of extreme hydrological events in Morocco , EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-4722,, 2021.


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