EGU21-4922, updated on 04 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Identifying the components of Milos island subvolcanic plumbing system (South Aegean Volcanic Arc, Greece): An amphibole perspective

Stamatios Xydous1, Ioannis Baziotis1, Michael Bizimis2, Stephan Klemme3, Jasper Berndt3, and Paul D. Asimow4
Stamatios Xydous et al.
  • 1Agricultural University of Athens, School of Environment and Agricultural Engineering, Department of Natural Resources Management & Agricultural Engineering/Division of Geological Sciences, Athens, Greece (
  • 2School of the Earth, Ocean and Environment, University of South Carolina, 701 Sumter St., Columbia, SC 29208, USA
  • 3University of Münster, Institut für Mineralogie, Corrensstraße 24, D-48149 Münster, Germany
  • 4California Institute of Technology, Division of Geological & Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, California 91125, USA

Over the last ~3 Ma, the volcanic complex of Milos Island has evolved from a shallow submarine into a subaerial edifice. It has erupted almost the entire range of calc-alkaline series compositions, but silicic units are volumetrically dominant (Fytikas et al., 1986; Stewart & McPhie, 2006). Although numerous studies have been published, data on the mineral record of the magmatic processes are absent. We examined amphiboles from 3 explosive and 4 effusive units, ranging from andesite to rhyolite, to gain insights into the structure and evolution of the plumbing system. Like many arc volcanoes worldwide, Milos products contain bimodal amphibole populations, often present within the same unit. Mg-hornblende (6.79-7.22 a.p.f.u. Si) forms macro-crysts (>600 μm; often partly decomposed) and crystal clots with plagioclase (An47-51), orthopyroxene (Wo1-2En61-62Fs37-38), and magnetite in the effusive units and phenocrysts (300-600 μm) in more evolved pumices. Mg-hastingsite occurs in effusive units as: (1) pristine micro-phenocrysts (<300 μm; 6.22-6.58 a.p.f.u. Si); (2) relics (6.22-6.46 a.p.f.u. Si) in the inner domains of pseudomorphs mostly replaced by coarse-grained orthopyroxene (Wo2En68Fs30) rimmed by clinopyroxene (Wo43En47Fs10), plagioclase (An47), and magnetite; and (3) framework-forming crystals in quenched enclaves; and (4) the only amphibole (6.29-6.59 a.p.f.u. Si) phenocrysts in andesitic scoria.

Temperature (T) and pressure (P) conditions were calculated by applying hornblende-plagioclase (Holland and Blundy, 1994) and amphibole composition (Ridolfi and Renzulli, 2012) thermo-barometers. Amphibole compositions and calculated P-T conditions are in good agreement with experimentally grown amphiboles. Mg-hornblende compositions and their petrographic context are consistent with cold storage (780±24°C) in a near-solidus, upper crustal (1.7-2.8 kbar) silicic mush. This scenario is further supported by the rhyolitic (74±3.6 wt.% SiO2) compositions of calculated melts in equilibrium with Mg-hornblende, in contrast with the less evolved bulk compositions of the host effusive units. Although the explosive eruptions likely originated from differentiated, crystal-poor melt pockets in the mush, the more common effusions of hybrid andesite-dacite magmas resulted from interaction between mafic recharge magma and the silicic mush. This interaction is preserved in the disequilibrium textures affecting both Mg-hornblendes and Mg-hastingsites, coupled with the growth of high-T (960-885°C) post-recharge Mg-hastingsite. Most of the recharge magmas in Milos are effectively dispersed, trapped, and hybridized in the upper crust, although in rare cases magmas from a deeper crustal storage region (T~960-885°C;P~3.8-5.1 kbar) erupted after limited interaction with the upper crustal storage system.

The mineral chemistry reveals that a large, shallow, silicic reservoir has been the dominant component of the Pliocene plumbing system beneath Milos. Magma inputs from deeper crustal sources are preserved in enclaves and volumetrically minor explosive products. The plumbing system of Milos shares similarities with other Aegean arc volcanoes, where magmas experience storage, differentiation, and assimilation in different crustal levels, like Methana (Popa et al., 2020).


The research work was supported by the Hellenic Foundation for Research and Innovation (HFRI) under the HFRI PhD Fellowship grant (Fellowship Number: 364).


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Holland, T., & Blundy, J. (1994).CTMP,116(4),433-447.

Popa, R.G. et al. (2020).JVGR, 106884.

Ridolfi, F., &Renzulli, A. (2012).CTMP,163(5),877-895.

Stewart, A.L., & McPhie, J. (2006).BulV,68(7-8),703-726.

How to cite: Xydous, S., Baziotis, I., Bizimis, M., Klemme, S., Berndt, J., and Asimow, P. D.: Identifying the components of Milos island subvolcanic plumbing system (South Aegean Volcanic Arc, Greece): An amphibole perspective, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-4922,, 2021.


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