EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Thin cirrus clouds that extinct supercooled water clouds in the Arctics

Suginori Iwasaki1, Hajime Okamoto2, and Kaori Sato2
Suginori Iwasaki et al.
  • 1National Defense Academy, Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Yokosuka, Japan (
  • 2Kyushu University, Japan

We show that thin cirrus clouds, whose particle radius is greater than 50 μm and number concentration is less than 10 /L, extinct supercooled water clouds (SC) by use of the data of the space-borne lidar, Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP), and the space-borne 94-GHz cloud profiling radar (CPR). We call the cirrus Large-and-Sparse-particle Clouds (LSC).

The space-borne imagers, such as Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), cannot measure LSC; hence, LSC had been difficult to be found by satellites. CALIOP is less sensitive to LSC than CPR though CALIOP is usually more sensitive to clouds than CPR because of the cloud particle size distribution of LSC.

The most significant feature of LSC is that LSC extinct SC and cloud particles of SC are changed into pristine ice particles. This is because (1) SC and LSC do not tend to coexist while horizontally oriented ice particle clouds (2D) and LSC tend to coexist, (2) the cloud top height of LSC is higher than that of SC, and (3) the terminal velocity of LSC particles is about 1 km/h.

Because 10-20% of clouds in the Arctic are LSC, LSC would indirectly impact on radiative forcing in the Arctics.

How to cite: Iwasaki, S., Okamoto, H., and Sato, K.: Thin cirrus clouds that extinct supercooled water clouds in the Arctics, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-5010,, 2021.


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