EGU21-5973, updated on 10 Jan 2024
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A new ice core from the Eastern Summit of Mt. Elbrus, Caucasus, Russia

Stanislav Kutuzov1, Vladimir Mikhalenko1, Ivan Lavrantiev1, Pavel Toropov1,2, Diana Vladimirova1, Andrey Abramov3, and Vladimir Matskovsky1
Stanislav Kutuzov et al.
  • 1Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia (
  • 2Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
  • 3Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems of Soil Science, Russian Academy of Sciences, Puschino, Russia

Meteorological regime and glacier surface heat balance, GPR measurements of the ice thickness and seasonal snow cover were investigated in the crater of the Eastern Summit of Mt. Elbrus In the period from 18 to 30 August 2020 at 560 m a.s.l. On the base of preliminary data analysis, the predominance of fluctuations in the synoptic scale over the diurnal ones was revealed; high values of the average and maximum wind speed associated with the influence of jet currents and with the effects of leeward storms were identified; extremely high temporal variability of relative humidity and its very high deficit in cloudless conditions, which contributes to intensive evaporation and sublimation from the snow surface, were explored. The maximum ice thickness in the crater reaches 100 m, with an average of 45 m. A new 96.01 m ice core from glacier surface to bedrock has been recovered. The drilling speed varied from 11 to 1 m / h, decreasing on average with depth from 4.5 to 4.0 m / h. The thickness of the snow-firn strata is about 20 m, which is three times less than on the Western Plateau. The borehole temperature was measured. The temperature on the glacier bedrock was -0.6 °С. The calculated heat flux was 0.39 W/m2. Air sampling was carried out in the crater of the Eastern Summit of Elbrus and on the Garabashi glacier. The repeated measurement of the soil temperature in the fumarole field on the Elbrus Eastern Summit outer crater rim suggests that the temperature regime is stable.

The research was carried out on the territory of the Elbrus National Park with the financial support of the Russian Science Foundation (project 17-17-01270).

How to cite: Kutuzov, S., Mikhalenko, V., Lavrantiev, I., Toropov, P., Vladimirova, D., Abramov, A., and Matskovsky, V.: A new ice core from the Eastern Summit of Mt. Elbrus, Caucasus, Russia, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-5973,, 2021.


Display file