EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Passive seismic interferometry of the ultraslow-spreading Southwest Indian Ridge 

Mohamadhasan Mohamadian Sarvandani1, Emanuel Kästle2, Lapo Boschi3, Sylvie Leroy4, and Mathilde Cannat5
Mohamadhasan Mohamadian Sarvandani et al.
  • 1Sorbonne University, France (
  • 2Free University of Berlin, Germany ( )
  • 3University of Padova, Italy ( )
  • 4Sorbonne University, France ( )
  • 5Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP), France (

Passive seismic interferometry (ambient-noise seismology) is an increasingly popular, eco-friendly, relatively inexpensive exploration geophysics tool, to map S-wave velocity in the Earth’s crust. This method has not yet been applied widely to marine exploration. The purpose of this study is to investigate the crustal structure of a quasi-amagmatic portion of the Southwest Indian Ridge by interferometry, and to examine the performance and reliability of interferometry in marine exploration. To achieve this goal, continuous vertical-component recordings from 43 ocean bottom seismometers (OBS) deployed during the SISMO-SMOOTH cruise (2014) were utilized. Recorded signals span frequencies between 0.1Hz and 3Hz. We show that reliable estimates of the Green’s function are obtained for many station pairs, by cross-correlation in the frequency domain. The comparison of the cross-correlations with the theoretical Green’s (Bessel) function provides one Rayleigh-wave dispersion curve per station pair; dispersion curves are then averaged, and inverted through a conditional neighborhood algorithm to determine a 1D S-wave velocity model, that we estimate to be well constrained within the crust. Our S-wave velocity model is analyzed and interpreted with geological information, and independent geophysical studies in the region of interest, as well as other areas characterized by similar tectonically-dominated, quasi amagmatic spreadings.

How to cite: Mohamadian Sarvandani, M., Kästle, E., Boschi, L., Leroy, S., and Cannat, M.: Passive seismic interferometry of the ultraslow-spreading Southwest Indian Ridge , EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-6132,, 2021.


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