EGU21-6499, updated on 04 Mar 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-6499
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The Temporal Propagation Processes of Multiple Types of Drought in Central Asia

Lu Tian, Sarah Ho, Markus Disse, and Ye Tuo
Lu Tian et al.
  • Technical University of Munich, Civil, Geo and Environmental Engineering, Chair of Hydrology and River Basin Management, Germany

Drought propagation processes interlink closely with the water cycle, which has so far been mostly investigated without tracking temporal propagation across multiple types of drought. Central Asia, including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Xinjiang (China) areas, is one of the most drought-prone areas in the world and extremely vulnerable to water scarcity. Understanding the multiple pathways of drought propagation over time in Central Asia is necessary for food security, human health, and poverty alleviation. In this study, we quantify the propagation time and track the details of temporal propagation processes of drought across the atmosphere, the geosphere, and the hydrosphere. The standardized indices are calculated using variables directly related to each type of drought: precipitation (SPI), evapotranspiration (SEDI), soil moisture (SSI), and runoff (SRI)1, 2. The drought propagation processes are divided into the development stage and recovery stage. The propagation time at different stages between multiple types of drought is calculated by the Pearson correlation coefficient (p<0.05)3 and run theory method4. Besides, the potential influencing factors on the temporal propagation are explored from the meteorological, land cover, and water management aspects. As the main results, the propagation time in winter is longer than in summer. And topography has a significant impact on drought propagation time. These key findings could further benefit the early warning of drought and facilitate the drought mitigation-adaptation in both Central Asia and other continents.

Keywords: Temporal propagation, Central Asia, Influencing factors, Land cover

1. Gevaert, A. I.; Veldkamp, T. I. E.; Ward, P. J., The effect of climate type on timescales of drought propagation in an ensemble of global hydrological models. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 2018, 22, (9), 4649-4665.
2. Barella-Ortiz, A.; Quintana-Segui, P., Evaluation of drought representation and propagation in regional climate model simulations across Spain. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 2019, 23, (12), 5111-5131.
3. Barker, L. J.; Hannaford, J.; Chiverton, A.; Svensson, C., From meteorological to hydrological drought using standardised indicators. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 2016, 20, (6), 2483-2505.
4. Wu, J. F.; Chen, X. H.; Yao, H. X.; Liu, Z. Y.; Zhang, D. J., Hydrological Drought Instantaneous Propagation Speed Based on the Variable Motion Relationship of Speed-Time Process. Water Resour. Res. 2018, 54, (11), 9549-9565.

How to cite: Tian, L., Ho, S., Disse, M., and Tuo, Y.: The Temporal Propagation Processes of Multiple Types of Drought in Central Asia, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-6499, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-6499, 2021.

Display materials

Display file