EGU21-6795, updated on 04 Mar 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-6795
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Influence of Enso in Perú's Cordillera Blanca Glaciers

Lihan Del Rocio Hoyos Zarzosa1,2, Ibeth Celia Rojas Macedo1,3, Christian German Garcia Rojas1,4, Luzmila Dávila Roller1, and Pedro Tapia Ormeño1
Lihan Del Rocio Hoyos Zarzosa et al.
  • 1Instituto Nacional de Investigación en Glaciares y Ecosistemas de Montaña, Sub Dirección de Investigación en Glaciares, Huaraz, Peru (lia.dr.hz@gmail.com)
  • 2Universidad Nacional Santiago Antúnez de Mayolo
  • 3Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina
  • 4Universidad Nacional de San Agustín de Arequipa

In areas located over 2000 m.a.s.l., the warm phase of ENSO (El Niño) is characterized by a decrease in precipitation and an increase in temperature which can reach values above the annual average, while in the cold phase of ENSO (La Niña), precipitation increases and temperature decreases compared to the annual average. In both cases ENSO has an influence on the glacier evolution of the Andes.

The objective of the present investigation is to determine the influence of ENSO in the Cordillera Blanca through satellite images (glacier coverage delimitation) and climatic proxy (ice core) in the Shallap and Artesonraju glaciers respectively for the hydrological years between 2009/2010 to 2018/2019.

The climate analysis in both glaciers showed higher annual temperatures and lower precipitation, revealing the influence of the 2015/2016 El Niño on the studied glaciers. There was a prominent reduction in glacier coverage in Shallap, which is supported by the ice core record extracted from Artesonraju, presenting an equivalent accumulated water decrease and an 18O enrichment for this period. These findings point out the influence of the 2015/2016 El Niño that significantly reduced the glacier coverage in both studied areas. On the other hand, the 2011/2012 La Niña event displayed the opposite effect, that is, colder temperatures, less glacier coverage reduction, an increase in the volume of accumulated water and an impoverishment of 18O.

Given the results, it can be affirmed that during an El Niño year the loss of glacier coverage is greater, causing less equivalent water accumulation and an enrichment of 18O; inversely for a La Niña year. These results support previous findings shown in research about glaciers in Peru.

How to cite: Hoyos Zarzosa, L. D. R., Rojas Macedo, I. C., Garcia Rojas, C. G., Dávila Roller, L., and Tapia Ormeño, P.: Influence of Enso in Perú's Cordillera Blanca Glaciers, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-6795, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-6795, 2021.

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