EGU21-7086, updated on 04 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Evolution of recently deglaciated high mountain landforms in the Eastern Anatolia

Roberto Sergio Azzoni1, Irene Bollati1, Manuela Pelfini1, Mehmet Akif Sarıkaya2, and Andrea Zerboni1
Roberto Sergio Azzoni et al.
  • 1Università degli Studi di Milano, "A. Desio" Earth Sciences Department, Milano, Italy
  • 2Istanbul Technical University, Eurasia Institute of Earth Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey

High mountain environments and especially proglacial systems, which are areas defined by subtracting modern glacier outlines from Little Ice Age (LIA) limits, are among the most dynamic geomorphic contexts on Earth. They are extremely sensitive to ongoing climate change and its consequences are especially intense – yet relatively poorly investigated – at middle-low latitudes, as in the case of the circum-Mediterranean mountainous contexts. This area (excluding the Alps) encompasses recently deglaciated ground from the borders of the Mediterranean Sea and comprises more than hundred ice bodies dramatically receding since their LIA extension. Most of these glaciers are completely disappeared leaving extensive proglacial areas, which differs from those described in the Alps for the timing and types of ongoing processes. Here, we present and discuss the unique characteristics of such dynamic proglacial contexts, focusing on recently deglaciated high mountain areas of Southeast Turkey that are affected by fast geomorphological evolution tuned by their specific climatic and geological settings. We compare two areas differing for climatic, structural, and lithological settings: i) the Mount Ararat/Ağrı Dağı (5137 m a.s.l.), a stratovolcano, and ii) the Cilo mountain range (up to 4116 m a.s.l.), characterized by a limestone bedrock. Since the LIA, the two areas underwent different trajectories of evolution and different rates of geomorphic processes. High-resolution satellite data from Pleiades and SPOT 6 platforms permit to investigate the overprint of specific local factors (volcanism, tectonic, and topography) on climate-driven surface evolution explains the specific evolution of each proglacial area.

How to cite: Azzoni, R. S., Bollati, I., Pelfini, M., Sarıkaya, M. A., and Zerboni, A.: Evolution of recently deglaciated high mountain landforms in the Eastern Anatolia, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-7086,, 2021.


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