EGU21-7571, updated on 04 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Impact of Lagrangian transport on lower-stratospheric water vapor and radiative balance in a climate model

Edward Charlesworth1, Felix Plöger1,2, and Patrick Jöckel3
Edward Charlesworth et al.
  • 1Forschungszentrum Jülich, IEK-7 Stratosphäre, Jülich, Germany
  • 2Institut für Atmosphären- und Umweltforschung, Universität Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany
  • 3Deutsches Zentrum för Luft- und Raumfahrt, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany

A robust result of climate model simulations is the moistening of the stratosphere.
Many models show their strongest changes in stratospheric water vapor in the extratropical lowermost stratosphere, a change which could have substantial climate feedbacks (e.g. Banerjee et al. 2019). However, models are also heavily wet-biased in this region when compared to observations (Keeble et al. 2020), presenting some uncertainty on the robustness of these model results.

In this study, we investigate the contribution of the choice of model transport scheme to this wet bias using a climate model (EMAC) coupled with two transport schemes: the standard EMAC flux-form semi-Lagrangian (FFSL) scheme and the fully-Lagrangian scheme of CLaMS. This experiment has the advantage of analytical clarity in that the dynamical fields driving both transport schemes are identical. Prior work using this tool has shown large differences in transport timecales within the extratropical lowermost stratosphere depending on the transport scheme used (Charlesworth et al. 2020). 

These results also suggested that EMAC-CLaMS should reduce the transport of water vapor into this region, but calculations of water vapor fields using this tool were not performed until now. We present the results of that work, comparing the water vapor fields calculated using EMAC-CLaMS and EMAC-FFSL online. Two model simulations were performed, wherein each water vapor field was used to drive radiation calculations, such that the radiative consequences of applying one transport scheme or the other could be assessed.


Banerjee, A., Chiodo, G., Previdi, M. et al. Stratospheric water vapor: an important climate feedback. Clim Dyn 53, 1697–1710 (2019).

Keeble, J., Hassler, B., Banerjee, A., Checa-Garcia, R., Chiodo, G., Davis, S., Eyring, V., Griffiths, P. T., Morgenstern, O., Nowack, P., Zeng, G., Zhang, J., Bodeker, G., Cugnet, D., Danabasoglu, G., Deushi, M., Horowitz, L. W., Li, L., Michou, M., Mills, M. J., Nabat, P., Park, S., and Wu, T.: Evaluating stratospheric ozone and water vapor changes in CMIP6 models from 1850–2100, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. [preprint],, in review, 2020. 

Charlesworth, E. J., Dugstad, A.-K., Fritsch, F., Jöckel, P., and Plöger, F.: Impact of Lagrangian transport on lower-stratospheric transport timescales in a climate model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 15227–15245,, 2020. 

How to cite: Charlesworth, E., Plöger, F., and Jöckel, P.: Impact of Lagrangian transport on lower-stratospheric water vapor and radiative balance in a climate model, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-7571,, 2021.