EGU21-7656, updated on 04 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Horizontal Wind Speed motion-induced error assessment on a floating Doppler Wind lidar

Andreu Salcedo-Bosch1, Joan Farré-Guarné1, Josep Sala-Álvarez2, Javier Villares-Piera2, Robin Tanamachi3, and Francesc Rocadenbosch4
Andreu Salcedo-Bosch et al.
  • 1CommSensLab-UPC, Department of Signal Theory and Communications (TSC), Universitat Polit`ecnica de Catalunya (UPC), Barcelona, Spain (
  • 2Department of Signal Theory and Communications (TSC), Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya (UPC), Barcelona, Spain
  • 3Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences (EAPS), Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 USA
  • 4Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia, IEEC), Barcelona, Spain

A wind retrieval simulator of a floating Doppler Wind Lidar (DWL) with six Degrees of Freedom (DoF) in its motion is presented. The simulator considers a continuous-wave, conically scanning, floating DWL which retrieves the local wind profile from 50 line of sight (LoS) radial velocity measurements per scan. Rotational and translational motion effects over horizontal wind speed (HWS) measurements are studied parametrically. The 6 DoF motion framework as well as the most important buoy motion equations are based on the model presented in [1].

Each rotational and translational motion is simulated as 1 second sinusoidal signal defined by an amplitude, frequency and motion phase. In order to study the problem of motion-induced error on the retrieved HWS, a dimension reduction is needed (22 variables). A consideration followed in the literature [2] to alleviate the problem is to set the same motional frequency (f=0.3 Hz) for all DoF, a wind vector with constant HWS and null vertical wind speed (VWS). Moreover, the parametric study is carried out under certain constraints in order to finally reduce the problem dimensionality to three, which enables the generation of tri-dimensional colorplots of the error on the retrieved HWS.

Simulation results show that in the presence of motion, HWS error has a strong dependency on FDWL initial scan phase. Moreover, the directions of the rotation axis and translational velocity vector (with respect to wind direction, WD) show great impact on HWS error. For translational motion, a 3 DoF superposition principle is corroborated.

The simulator is as a useful tool for understanding particular lidar motion scenarios and their contributions to HWS measurements error. However, further analysis of the effect of lidar initial scan phase is needed. Additionally, these simulations are conducted under idealized assumptions of horizontally homogeneous wind profiles in the vicinity of the FDWL. Simulations using non-homogeneous wind fields (e.g., turbulence, air mass boundaries) would give insights on how well floating lidars can be expected to retrieve the wind profile in these common scenarios.


This work was supported via Spanish Government–European Regional Development Funds project PGC2018-094132-B-I00 and H2020 ACTRIS-IMP (GA-871115). The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT), KIC InnoEnergy project NEPTUNE (Offshore Metocean Data Mea-suring Equipment and Wind, Wave and Current Analysis and ForecastingSoftware, call FP7) supported measurements campaigns. CommSensLab isa María-de-Maeztu Unit of Excellence funded by the Agencia Estatal de Investigación (Spanish National Science Foundation). The work of Andreu Salcedo-Bosch was supported by the “Agència de Gestió d’Ajuts Universitaris i de la Recerca (AGAUR)”, Generalitat de Catalunya, under Grant no. 2020 FISDU 00455.


[1] F. Kelberlau, V. Neshaug, L. Lønseth, T. Bracchi, and J. Mann, “Taking the Motion out of Floating Lidar: Turbulence Intensity Estimates with a Continuous-Wave Wind Lidar,” Remote Sens., vol. 12, no. 898, 2020.

[2] J. Tiana-Alsina, F. Rocadenbosch, and M. A. Gutierrez-Antunano, “Vertical Azimuth Display simulator for wind-Doppler lidar error assessment,” in 2017 IEEE Int. Geosci. Remote. Se. (IGARSS). IEEE, Jul. 2017.

How to cite: Salcedo-Bosch, A., Farré-Guarné, J., Sala-Álvarez, J., Villares-Piera, J., Tanamachi, R., and Rocadenbosch, F.: Horizontal Wind Speed motion-induced error assessment on a floating Doppler Wind lidar, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-7656,, 2021.

Corresponding presentation materials formerly uploaded have been withdrawn.